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Resultados 1 - 20 de 518
1.

Práticas educativas segundo os "Dez passos para o sucesso do aleitamento materno" em um Banco de Leite Humano / Educational practices in accordance with the "Ten steps to successful breastfeeding" in a Human Milk Bank

Ciênc. Saúde Colet; 22(5): 1661-1671, maio 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-839978

Resumo

Resumo Este artigo objetivou avaliar práticas educativas segundo os “Dez Passos para o Sucesso do Aleitamento Materno” em Banco de Leite Humano. Estudo retrospectivo com informações sociodemográficas e gestacionais maternas e referentes ao bebê, obtidas de protocolo de atendimento de nutrizes (2009-2012). Tais dados foram associados aos passos relacionados a práticas educativas dentre os “Dez Passos”. Realizou-se análise descritiva, teste qui-quadrado e regressão de Poisson. Foram avaliadas 12.283 mães, com mediana de 29 (12-54) anos de idade. As orientações recebidas sobre amamentação no pré-natal (passo 3) prevaleceram entre mães de 30-39 anos e o contato pele/pele (passo 4) entre as orientadas. O treinamento sobre amamentação (passo 5) predominou entre aquelas que amamentaram exclusivamente. Notou-se maior prevalência de amamentação exclusiva (passo 6) e sob livre demanda (passo 8) e uso de bicos artificiais (passo 9) entre os lactentes de mães orientadas. Os achados apontam importante papel do profissional da saúde no treinamento mãe/filho sobre aleitamento materno e incentivo ao contato pele/pele, amamentação exclusiva e sob livre demanda. As orientações ofertadas necessitam aprimoramento a fim de reduzir o uso de bicos artificiais e potencializar a amamentação exclusiva.
Abstract This article sought to evaluate educational practices in line with the “Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding” in a Human Milk Bank. It involved a retrospective study using sociodemographic data about the pregnancy and the baby, obtained from a nursing mothers care protocol (2009-2012). These data were associated to steps related to educational practices from the “Ten Steps.” Descriptive analysis, chi-square test and Poisson regression were performed. 12,283 mothers, with a median of 29 (12-54) years old, were evaluated. The guidelines about breastfeeding received during prenatal care (step 3) prevailed among mothers aged 30-39 years and the skin to skin contact (step 4) prevailed among oriented mothers. Breastfeeding training (step 5) predominated among those who breastfed exclusively. Higher prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding (step 6), breastfeeding on demand (step 8) and use of artificial nipples (step 9) were noted among infants whose mothers were oriented. These findings indicate the important role of health professionals on mother/child training about breastfeeding, on encouragement of the skin/skin contact, exclusive breastfeeding and breastfeeding on demand. The guidelines indicated the need to improve in order to reduce the use of artificial nipples and enhance exclusive breastfeeding.
Biblioteca responsável: BR1.1
2.

Evaluación de la recolección domiciliaria realizada por un banco de leche humana de un hospital universitario de Brasil. / [Evaluation of home collection performed by a human milk bank in a university hospital in Brazil].

Salud Publica Mex; 56(3): 245-50, 2014 May-Jun.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25272175

Resumo

OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of procedures during household milking and transport of human milk associated with their quality control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 48 donors registered in the Human Milk Bank of the Clinics Hospital of the Federal University at Uberlândia. Observations were made during home visits. A checklist was elaborated according to the technical standards for human milk banks, been associated with physical-chemical, and microbiological controls. The chi-square test, logistic regression and Spearman test (p< 0.05) were used for data analysis. RESULTS: The results suggest that most donors assimilated the guidelines of the milk bank staff and procedures were satisfactorily performed. CONCLUSION: It could be demonstrated that milking and home collection are safe and effective ways for obtaining donated human milk.
3.

O diálogo entre saúde e política externa na cooperação brasileira em bancos de leite humano / The dialog between health and foreign policy in Brazilian cooperation in human milk banks

Ciênc. Saúde Colet; 22(7)jul. 2017.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-859962

Resumo

O leite materno é a principal forma de alimentação nos primeiros anos da infância. Na impossibilidade deste tipo de amamentação, surgem alternativas secundárias, como os bancos de leite humano. No caso brasileiro, a adoção desta fonte teve início em 1943, com a instituição do primeiro banco de leite. A partir de então, passando por diferentes fases, foi desenvolvido um modelo nacional que culminou na criação da Rede Brasileira de Bancos de Leite Humano. Como consequência, diversos projetos de cooperação internacional iniciam a partir disso, sendo o modelo brasileiro relevante principalmente para países em desenvolvimento. O objetivo central desta análise é compreender o que motiva o Brasil a promover os bancos de leite internacionalmente. Para realizá-lo, busca-se entender o relacionamento entre saúde e política externa, expressa aqui em termos de soft power, posto que as duas pastas dialogaram nesses atos. Entre os resultados estão expressos ganhos em ambas as áreas e a afirmação da saúde como um fim a ser alcançado no grupo de interesses nacionais do caso.
Biblioteca responsável: BR2260
4.

Banked preterm versus banked term human milk to promote growth and development in very low birth weight infants.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev; (6): CD007644, 2010 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20556782

Resumo

BACKGROUND: Human milk banking has been available in many countries for the last three decades. The milk provided from milk banking is predominantly term breast milk, but some milk banks provide preterm breast milk. There are a number of differences between donor term and donor preterm human milk. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of banked preterm milk compared with banked term milk regarding growth and developmental outcome in very low birth weight infants (infants weighing less than 1500 g). SEARCH STRATEGY: We used the standard methods of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group, including a search of the Cochrane Neonatal Group specialized register and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, The Cochrane Library, January 2010). We searched the computerised bibliographic databases MEDLINE (1966 to February 2010), EMBASE (1988 to February 2010) and Web of Science (1975 to February 2010). We searched reference lists of all selected articles, review articles and the Oxford Database of Perinatal Trials. We also searched abstracts from neonatal and pediatric meetings (PAS electronic version from 2000 to 2009, ESPR hand search from 2000 to 2009). We applied no language restrictions. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised and quasi-randomised trials comparing banked donor preterm milk with banked donor term milk regarding growth and developmental outcomes in very low birth weight infants DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We planned to perform assessment of methodology regarding blinding of randomisation, intervention and outcome measurements as well as completeness of follow-up. We planned to evaluate treatment effect using a fixed-effect model using relative risk (RR), relative risk reduction, risk difference (RD) and number needed to treat (NNT) for categorical data and using mean, standard deviation and weighted mean difference (WMD) for continuous data. We planned an evaluation of heterogeneity. MAIN RESULTS: No studies met the inclusion criteria. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There are no randomised trials that compare preterm banked milk to banked term milk to promote growth and development in very low birth weight infants.
5.

Breast milk donation and social support: reports of women donors.

Rev Lat Am Enfermagem; 18(3): 381-9, 2010 May-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20721427

Resumo

The study aimed to characterize the behavior of human milk donation and to describe the informal social and formal institutional support, according to reports from women donors. It is an exploratory, cross-sectional, descriptive study using domicile interviews based on structured and semi-structured scripts. The participants were 36 women enrolled in two human milk banks of the public health system of the Federal District. Statistical analysis of quantitative data and categorical content analysis of qualitative data were performed. Categories of reasons that most influenced the frequency of expressing were: food, time availability, negative emotions and fluid intake. The manual expressing technique was reported as predominant. The use of breast shells was cited by almost a third of the donors. Most frequent suggestions for improving institutional support were more attention and support from the milk banks for the donor. The study may serve as a stimulus for the implementation of technical and political strategies to encourage this practice.
6.

Serum phenylalanine in preterm newborns fed different diets of human milk, / Fenilalanina plasmática em recém-nascidos pré-termo alimentados com diferentes dietas de leite humano,

J. pediatr. (Rio J.); 90(5): 518-522, Sep-Oct/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-723168

Resumo

Objective: To evaluate phenylalanine plasma profile in preterm newborns fed different human milk diets. Methods: Twenty-four very-low weight preterm newborns were distributed randomly in three groups with different feeding types: Group I: banked human milk plus 5% commercial fortifier with bovine protein, Group II: banked human milk plus evaporated fortifier derived from modified human milk, Group III: banked human milk plus lyophilized fortifier derived from modified human milk. The newborns received the group diet when full diet was attained at 15 ± 2 days. Plasma amino acid analysis was performedon the first and last day of feeding. Comparison among groups was performed by statistical tests: one way ANOVA with Tukey's post-test using SPSS software, version 20.0 (IBM Corp, NY, USA), considering a significance level of 5%. Results: Phenylalanine levels in the first and second analysis were, respectively, in Group I: 11.9 ± 1.22 and 29.72 ± 0.73; in Group II: 11.72 ± 1.04 and 13.44 ± 0.61; and in Group III: 11.3 ± 1.18 and 15.42 ± 0.83 μmol/L. Conclusion: The observed results demonstrated that human milk with fortifiers derived from human milk acted as a good substratum for preterm infant feeding both in the evaporated or the lyophilized form, without significant increases in plasma phenylalanine levels in comparison to human milk with commercial fortifier. .
Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil plasmático do aminoácido fenilalanina em recém-nascidos pré-termo alimentados com diferentes dietas de leite humano. Métodos: Foram estudados 24 recém-nascidos pré-termo de muito baixo peso, distribuídos em três grupos com diferentes dietas: Grupo I: leite humano de banco com 5% de aditivo comercial para leite humano com proteína de origem bovina (LHB-AC); Grupo II: leite humano de banco com aditivo de leite humano modificado evaporado (LHB-E); e Grupo III: leite humano de banco com aditivo de leite humano modificado liofilizado (LHB-L). Os recém-nascidos receberam a dieta definida para o grupo quando alcançaram dieta plena por 15 ± 2 dias. A análise do aminoácido plasmático foi feita no primeiro e último dias da dieta. A comparação entre os grupos foi realizada por meio do teste ANOVA de uma via, seguido pelo pós-teste de Tukey, utilizando-se o software SPSS (IBM Corp, NY, EUA), versão 20.0, e considerando um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: As concentrações plasmáticas do aminoácido fenilalanina na primeira e segunda análises foram, respectivamente, no Grupo I (LHB-AC) 11,9±1,22 e 29,72±0,73; no Grupo II (LHB-E) 11,72±1,04 e 13,44±0,61; e no Grupo III 11,3±1,18 e 15,42±0,83 umol/L. Conclusão: Os resultados encontrados demonstram que o leite humano com aditivos do próprio leite humano comportou-se como um bom substrato para alimentação do recém-nascido pré-termo, tanto na forma evaporada como liofilizada, sem levar a aumentos significativos na concentração plasmática de fenilalanina em comparação ao leite humano com aditivo comercial. .
Biblioteca responsável: BR1.1
9.

Recent actuality about Bacillus cereus and human milk bank: a new sensitive method for microbiological analysis of pasteurized milk.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis; 37(7): 1297-1303, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29725957

Resumo

Three cases of Bacillus cereus infection or colonization occurred in the same region in France, and milk from the milk bank was suspected as a possible common source of contamination. All Batches delivered to the three cases complied with the requirements of the bacteriological reference method recommended by good practices guidelines. Still, a retrospective analysis with a more sensitive method showed one batch to contain B. cereus, however straincomparison revealed no epidemiological link betweenisolates from patients and those from the milk. Consequently, in accordance with the precautionary principle, we developed a new sensitive method for the screening of pasteurized milk for pathogenic bacteria. From January 1 to August 31, 2017, 2526 samples of pasteurized milk were prospectively included in the study. We showed that a 20 mL sample of pasteurized milk incubated for 18 h at 37 °C under aerobic conditions was favoring the detection of B. Cereus. The nonconformity rate was 6.3% for the reference method and 12.6% for the improved method (p < 0.0001). Nonconformity was due to the presence of B. cereus in 88.5% of cases for the improved method and 53% of cases for the reference method (p < 0.0001). Thus our new method is improves the microbiological safety of the product distributed and only moderately increases the rate of bacteriological nonconformity .
10.

Nursing consultation in homecare for the milk bank of Antonio Pedro College Hospital: a space for educative actions

Online braz. j. nurs. (Online); 12(suplementar)out. 2013.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | LILACS | ID: lil-698483

Resumo

Aim: To develop a standard instrument for nursing consultations with regard to homecare; to characterize the consultations in homecare, to establish its articulation with educational activities performed by the nurse and; to analyze the practice of this consultation, considering the point-of-view of the donor woman. Method: This is a descriptive research which adopts a qualitative approach. It was based on the scenario of a human breast milk bank at Antonio Pedro College Hospital in Niterói, Brazil. 22 women were interviewed which involved answering a semi-structured questionnaire. The data were grouped into two categories. Results: Analytical categories: home visits and the educative practice of the nurse; the home nursing consultation from the perspective of the nurturing woman. A standard instrument for nursing consultations was produced. Conclusion: The educational actions of the nurse during homecare have three main focuses: the motivation to breastfeed, the necessary caring for the baby and the mother, and the safe procedure when it comes to collecting human milk...
Biblioteca responsável: BR1342.1
11.

Human Milk Processing: A Systematic Review of Innovative Techniques to Ensure the Safety and Quality of Donor Milk.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr; 64(3): 353-361, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27755345

Resumo

Pasteurization, performed at 62.5°C for 30 minutes (holder pasteurization), is currently recommended in all international human milk banks guidelines, but it affects some human milk bioactive and nutritive components. The present systematic review is aimed at critically reviewing evidence on the suitability of human milk processing techniques other than holder pasteurization, both thermal and nonthermal, to ensure microbiological safety, and on the effects of these techniques on biologically active donor milk components. A systematic review of English and non-English articles using Medline, PubMed, Embase, SCOPUS, and CAB Abstracts, with no restriction in publication date was performed. Search terms included: human, breast, donor, or banked milk, breastmilk, breast fed, breastfed, breastfeed; HTST, Flash, High Pressure, UV, ultrasonic or nonthermal; process, pasteuris, pasteuriz. Only primary research articles published in peer-reviewed journals were included, providing or not a comparison with holder pasteurized human milk, provided that the pasteurization technique was clearly described, and not intended for domestic use. Additional studies were identified by searching bibliographies of relevant articles. Twenty-six studies were identified as being relevant. Two examined both High Pressure Processing and High-Temperature-Short-Time pasteurization; 10 only examined High Pressure Processing; 10 only examined High-Temperature-Short-Time; 2 articles examined ultraviolet irradiation; 2 articles examined (thermo-)ultrasonic processing. The results indicate that data about safety for microbiological control are still scarce for most of the novel technologies, and that consensus on processing conditions is necessary for nonthermal technologies, before any conclusions on the qualitative and nutritional advantages of these techniques can be drawn.
12.

Comparação entre suplementos homólogos do leite humano e um suplemento comercial para recém-nascidos de muito baixo peso / Comparison between homologous human milk supplements and a commercial supplement for very low birth weight infants

J. pediatr. (Rio J.); 88(2): 119-124, mar.-abr. 2012. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-623456

Resumo

OBJETIVOS: Descrever a metodologia de preparo de dois aditivos, líquido e em pó, derivados do leite humano e comparar a constituição com aditivo comercial FM85®. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizadas 40 amostras de leite humano para o preparo dos suplementos líquido e em pó. Ambos passaram por três fases de preparo: desnate, evaporação e retirada da lactose. Após essas fases, o suplemento líquido está pronto, e o em pó necessita da quarta fase - a liofilização. Em cada amostra dos suplementos líquido e em pó, foram adicionados, respectivamente, 80 mL (grupo I) e 100 mL (grupo II) de pool de leite humano de banco. Para comparação, 20 amostras de 100 mL do pool foram acrescidas de 5 g do suplemento FM85® (Nestlé) (grupo III). Realizaram-se análises de hidratos de carbono, proteína, lipídios, cálcio, fósforo, sódio, osmolalidade e conteúdo calórico, considerando diferença significativa p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: Os grupos I, II e III mostraram, respectivamente, os seguintes resultados: proteínas = 1,81, 2,38 e 1,96 g/dL (p < 0,001); hidratos de carbono = 6,70, 7,25 e 10,06 g/dL (p = 0,006); gordura = 3,75, 3,75 e 3,73 g/dL (p = 0,96); cálcio = 36,92, 44,75 e 79,37 mg/dL (p = 0,001); fósforo = 20,02, 23,28 e 56,30 mg/dL (p = 0,02); sódio = 14,32, 14,40 e 20,33 mEq/L (p = 0,143); osmolalidade = 391,45, 412,47 e 431, 00 mOsmol/kgH2O (p = 0,074); e conteúdo calórico = 67,78, 72,27 e 81,65 kcal (p = 0,001). CONCLUSÃO: Os aditivos estudados diferem significativamente do aditivo comercial FM85® em alguns de seus constituintes, e a sua constituição pode ou não atender às quantidades de nutrientes propostas pelas recomendações mais recentes.
OBJECTIVES: To describe the methodology for the preparation of two additives derived from human milk, liquid and powdered, and to compare this composition with the commercial additive FM85®. METHODS: For the preparation of the liquid and powdered supplements, 40 samples of human milk were used. Both supplements have been through three preparation phases: skimming, evaporation and lactose removal. After these phases, the liquid supplement is ready, and the powdered requires a fourth phase - lyophilization. To each sample of the liquid and powdered supplements were added, respectively, 80 mL (group I) and 100 mL (group II) of pooled banked human milk. For comparison, 20 samples of 100 mL of the pool were added to 5 g of the FM85® supplement (Nestlé) (group III). Analyses of carbohydrates, protein, lipids, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, osmolality and caloric content were performed, considering a significant difference p < 0.05. RESULTS: Groups I, II, and III showed, respectively, the following results: protein = 1.81, 2.38 and 1.96 g/dL (p < 0.001); carbohydrates = 6.70, 7.25 and 10.06 g/dL (p = 0.006); fat = 3.75, 3.75 and 3.73 g/dL (p = 0.96); calcium = 36.92, 44.75 and 79.37 mg/dL (p = 0.001); phosphorus = 20.02, 23.28 and 56.30 mg/dL (p = 0.02); sodium = 14.32, 14.40 and 20.33 mEq/L (p = 0.143); osmolality = 391.45, 412.47 and 431.00 mOsmol/kgH2O (p = 0.074); and caloric content = 67.78, 72.27 and 81.65 kcal (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The studied additives differ significantly from the commercial additive FM85® in some of its components, and its composition may or may not meet the quantity of nutrients suggested by the most recent recommendations.
Biblioteca responsável: BR1.1
13.

A longitudinal study of human milk composition in the second year postpartum: implications for human milk banking.

Matern Child Nutr; 13(1)2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26776058

Resumo

While the composition of human milk has been studied extensively in the first year of lactation, there is a paucity of data regarding human milk composition beyond one year postpartum. Policies vary at milk banks around the world regarding how long lactating women are eligible to donate their milk. The primary purpose of this study is to describe longitudinal changes in human milk composition in the second year postpartum to support the development of evidence based guidelines regarding how long lactating women can donate human milk to a milk bank. Nineteen lactating women in North Carolina provided monthly milk samples from 11 months to 17 months postpartum (N = 131), and two non-profit milk banks provided (N = 33) pooled, unpasteurized milk samples from 51 approved donors less than one year postpartum. There was a significant increase (P < 0.05) in the concentration of total protein, lactoferrin, lysozyme, Immunoglobulin A, oligosaccharides and sodium in longitudinal samples of mother's milk between 11 and 17 months postpartum, while zinc and calcium concentrations declined, and no changes were observed in lactose, fat, iron and potassium. Human milk in the second year postpartum contained significantly higher concentrations of total protein, lactoferrin, lysozyme and Immunoglobulin A, than milk bank samples, and significantly lower concentrations of zinc, calcium, iron and oligosaccharides. Accepting milk bank donations beyond one year postpartum is a potential strategy for increasing the supply of donor milk, but may require mineral fortification.
14.

Enhancing Children's Safety by Barcoding Implementation at Breast Milk Feeding.

Stud Health Technol Inform; 245: 49-53, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29295050

Resumo

When newborns remain hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit, they are often unable to feed themselves and receive human milk through enteral nutrition devices such as orogastric or nasogastric probes. Therefore, the Nursing staff is responsible for the fractionation, storage and administration of human milk. Breast milk has a great biological complexity being the optimal food for the baby to provide all the nutrients needed. At the same time, it is a bodily fluid that carries the risk of disease transmission if not administered properly. Patient safety should be a priority in healthcare, and health information technologies could be used to avoid preventable adverse events. Barcoding technology has the ability to accurately verify patient identity and prescription accuracy before milk administration. This paper describes the steps followed to implement breast milk barcoding technology in an academic tertiary hospital.
15.

Characteristics of the regional human milk bank in Poland - donors, recipients and nutritional value of human milk

Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig; 68(4): 395-400, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29280369

Resumo

Background: In case of shortage of breast milk despite proper lactation care or the poor state of the mother's health, breast milk from human milk bank is recommended for feeding preterm infants Objective: This study retrospectively evaluated the first year of the operation of the Regional Human Milk Bank Material and methods: Data concerning donors was collected in the human milk bank during the cooperation. The clinical characteristics of the recipients was made on the basis of medical documentation from the Holy Family Hospital in Warsaw, Poland. Analysis of nutritional value was performed with the human milk analyzer (MIRIS AB) Results: In the first year of activity, 45 voluntary donors established cooperation, donating from 650 to 32030 ml of human milk. The content of nutrients in milk provided by donors was variable - protein 0.4-1.5 g / 100 ml, fat 1.1-7.4 g / 100 ml, carbohydrates 6.3-7.9 g / 100 ml. The average length of using donated human milk was 4 days and the average volume of milk for one infant was 282 ml Conclusions: The donor profiles have a significant impact on the milk composition form HMB. The nutritional value can be improved by recruitment donors from mothers that gave birth prematurely and by beginning donation at earlier stages of lactation as soon as lactation is stabilized. In case of shortage of mothers own milk the immediate implementation of donors milk as a short-term support can significantly reduce the food intolerance incidence in the group of prematurely born infants
16.

Evaluación de los bancos de leche humana de Paraná-BR: un estudio comparativo / Avaliação de bancos de leite humano no Paraná - BR: um estudo comparativo / Evaluation of Human Milk Banks in Paraná - BR: a comparative study

Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | LILACS | ID: lil-639353

Resumo

Human milk banks (HMB) are designed to provide quality natural food to newborns. Objectives: To evaluate and compare the structure and processes of eight HMB RDC-171/2006 based on the of Paraná and the Manual of Operation of HMB of ANVISA. Method: Survey of normative and comparative assessment, in which was applied the benchmarking techniques of and systematic observation and questionnaire to eight coordinators of HMB in 2009. Results: There are better practices in different HMB, as well as deficiencies relating to personnel, training, physical structure, documentation, records, availability of standard operating procedures (SOP). Discussion: There is a need to hire employees, according to legal requirements, documentation updated and available; managerial and technical training, provision of essential physical and material resources, development and delivery of SOP and supervision. Conclusion: In general, HMB present structural and that require managerial deficiencies and investment of the management, having as reference the current regulations and best practices identified.
Bancos de leche humana (BLH) buscan ofrecer alimento natural de calidad a los recién-nacidos. Objetivos: Evaluar y comparar la estructura y procesos de ocho BLH paranaenses con base en la RDC-171/2006 y en el Manual de Funcionamiento de BLH de la ANVISA. Método: Pesquisa de evaluación normativa y comparativa, donde se aplicó el benchmarking y las técnicas de observación sistemática y un cuestionario a ocho coordinadores de BLH en 2009. Resultado: Hay mejores prácticas en diferentes BLH, así como deficiencias relativas a personal, capacitación, estructura física, documentación, registros, disponibilidad de procedimientos operacionales patrón (POP). Discusión: Hay necesidad de contratar funcionarios, de acuerdo a las exigencias legales; documentación actualizada y disponible, entrenamiento gerencial técnico; suministro de recursos materiales y físicos esenciales; elaboración y disponibilidad de POP y supervisión. Conclusión: En general, los BLH presentan deficiencias estructurales y gerenciales que requieren inversión de la gestión, teniendo como referencia las normativas vigentes y las mejores prácticas identificadas.
Bancos de leite humano (BLH) visam oferecer alimento natural de qualidade a recém-nascidos. Objetivos: avaliar e comparar a estrutura e processos de oito BLH paranaenses com base na RDC-171/2006 e no Manual de Funcionamento de BLH da ANVISA. Método: Pesquisa de avaliação normativa e comparativa, em que se aplicou o benchmarking e as técnicas de observação sistemática e questionário a oito coordenadores de BLH em 2009. Resultado: Há melhores práticas em diferentes BLH, bem como deficiências relativas a pessoal, capacitação, estrutura física, documentação, registros, disponibilidade de procedimentos operacionais padrão (POP). Discussão: Há necessidade de contratação de funcionários, consoante às exigências legais; documentação atualizada e disponível; treinamento gerencial e técnico; provisão de recursos materiais e físicos essenciais; elaboração e disponibilização de POP e supervisão. Conclusão: Em geral, os BLH apresentam deficiências estruturais e gerenciais que requerem investimento da gestão, tendo como referência as normativas vigentes e as melhores práticas identificadas.
Biblioteca responsável: BR1342.1
17.

Práticas educativas segundo os "Dez passos para o sucesso do aleitamento materno" em um Banco de Leite Humano. / [Educational practices in accordance with the "Ten steps to successful breastfeeding" in a Human Milk Bank].

Cien Saude Colet; 22(5): 1661-1671, 2017 May.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28538935

Resumo

This article sought to evaluate educational practices in line with the "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding" in a Human Milk Bank. It involved a retrospective study using sociodemographic data about the pregnancy and the baby, obtained from a nursing mothers care protocol (2009-2012). These data were associated to steps related to educational practices from the "Ten Steps." Descriptive analysis, chi-square test and Poisson regression were performed. 12,283 mothers, with a median of 29 (12-54) years old, were evaluated. The guidelines about breastfeeding received during prenatal care (step 3) prevailed among mothers aged 30-39 years and the skin to skin contact (step 4) prevailed among oriented mothers. Breastfeeding training (step 5) predominated among those who breastfed exclusively. Higher prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding (step 6), breastfeeding on demand (step 8) and use of artificial nipples (step 9) were noted among infants whose mothers were oriented. These findings indicate the important role of health professionals on mother/child training about breastfeeding, on encouragement of the skin/skin contact, exclusive breastfeeding and breastfeeding on demand. The guidelines indicated the need to improve in order to reduce the use of artificial nipples and enhance exclusive breastfeeding.
18.

Milk kinship is not an obstacle to using donor human milk to feed preterm infants in Muslim countries.

Acta Paediatr; 105(5): 462-7, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26659819

Resumo

UNLABELLED: The development of human milk banks in Muslim countries is challenging because of the tradition of milk kinship. In other countries, this tradition imposes restrictions on Muslim mothers with regard to donating their milk or receiving donor milk for their preterm baby. However, Muslim law does allow the use of donated human milk under certain conditions, for example if it comes from a single known donor or is pooled from the milk of at least three donors. CONCLUSION: Muslim parents need to be made aware that human milk banks can be used for preterm babies if strict conditions are met.
19.

The Experience of Human Milk Banking for 8 Years: Korean Perspective.

J Korean Med Sci; 31(11): 1775-1783, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27709856

Resumo

Human milk banks are a solution for mothers who cannot supply their own breast milk to their sick or hospitalized infants; premature infants, in particular, are unable to receive a full volume of breast milk for numerous reasons. As of December 2015, there was only one milk bank in a university hospital in Korea. We reviewed the basic characteristics of donors and recipients, and the amounts and contamination of breast milk donated at the Human Milk Bank in Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong in Korea from 2008 to 2015. The donor pool consisted of 463 first-time donors and 452 repeat donors who made 1,724 donations. A total of 10,820 L of breast milk was collected, and 9,541.6 L were processed. Detectable bacteria grew in 12.6% after pasteurization and 52.5% had cytomegalovirus DNA before pasteurization in donated milk. There were 836 infant and 25 adult recipients; among new infant recipients, 48.5% were preterm; the groups received 8,009 and 165.7 L of donor milk, respectively. There was an increase in the percentage of preterm infants among new infant recipients in 2015 (93.1%) compared to 2008 (8.5%). Based on the number of premature infants in Korea, the number of potential recipients is not likely to diminish anytime soon, despite efforts to improve the breastfeeding rate. Sustainability and quality improvement of the milk bank need long-term financial support by health authorities and a nationwide network similar to blood banking will further contribute to the progress of milk banking.
20.

Human milk sharing practices in the U.S.

Matern Child Nutr; 12(2): 278-90, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26607304

Resumo

The primary objective of this study is to describe human milk sharing practices in the U.S. Specifically, we examine milk sharing social networks, donor compensation, the prevalence of anonymous milk sharing interactions, recipients' concerns about specific milk sharing risks, and lay screening behaviors. Data on human milk sharing practices were collected via an online survey September 2013-March 2014. Chi-square analyses were used to test the association between risk perception and screening practices. A total of 867 (661 donors, 206 recipients) respondents were included in the analyses. Most (96.1%) reported sharing milk face-to-face. Only 10% of respondents reported giving or receiving milk through a non-profit human milk bank, respectively. There were no reports of anonymous purchases of human milk. A small proportion of recipients (4.0%) reported that their infant had a serious medical condition. Screening of prospective donors was common (90.7%) but varied with social relationship and familiarity. Likewise, concern about specific milk sharing risks was varied, and risk perception was significantly associated (P-values = 0.01 or less) with donor screening for all risk variables except diet. Understanding lay perceptions of milk sharing risk and risk reduction strategies that parents are using is an essential first step in developing public health interventions and clinical practices that promote infant safety.
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