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Barriers and Enablers to Implementation of Dietary Guidelines in Early Childhood Education Centers in Australia: Application of the Theoretical Domains Framework.

Grady, Alice; Seward, Kirsty; Finch, Meghan; Fielding, Alison; Stacey, Fiona; Jones, Jannah; Wolfenden, Luke; Yoong, Sze Lin.
J Nutr Educ Behav; 50(3): 229-237.e1, 2018 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29170057

OBJECTIVE:

To identify perceived barriers and enablers to implementation of dietary guidelines reported by early childhood education center cooks, and barriers and enablers associated with greater implementation based on assessment of center menu compliance.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional telephone interview.SETTING: Early childhood education centers, New South Wales, Australia.PARTICIPANTS: A total of 202 cooks responsible for menu planning; 70 centers provided a menu for review of compliance with dietary guidelines.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Barriers and enablers to dietary guideline implementation were determined using a tool assessing constructs of the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). Higher scores (≥6) for each construct indicated enablers to guideline implementation; lower scores (<6) suggested barriers.

ANALYSIS:

Multivariable linear regression identified TDF constructs associated with greater guideline implementation.

RESULTS:

Scores were lowest for reinforcement (mean, 5.85) and goals (mean, 5.89) domains, and highest for beliefs about consequences (mean, 6.51) and social/professional role and identity (mean, 6.50). The skills domain was positively associated with greater implementation of guidelines based on menu review (P = .01).

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Cooks perceived social/professional role and identity, and beliefs about consequences to be enablers to dietary guideline implementation; however, only the skills domain was associated with greater implementation. There are opportunities to target the incongruence in perceptions vs reality of the barriers and enablers to implementation. Future research could examine the utility of the TDF to identify barriers and enablers to implementation to inform intervention development and for evaluating interventions to examine intervention mechanisms.