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Palliative care in poor-performance status small cell lung cancer patients: is there a mandatory role for chemotherapy?

Autor(es): Baldotto, Clarissa Seródio; Cronemberger, Eduardo Henrique; Biasi, P; Zamboni, M; Sousa, Aureliano; Zukin, Mauro; Small, Isabelle A; Ferreira, Carlos Gil
Fonte: Support Care Cancer;20(11): 2721-2727, 2012.
Artigo [ ID: 25273 ] Idioma(s): Inglês
PURPOSE: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive malignancy but with a high response rate to chemotherapy. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) has been recognized as one of the main prognostic factors in SCLC. There are few data about risk-benefit ratio of chemotherapy over exclusive best supportive care in ECOG PS 3 and 4 patients. This study was performed to assess the outcome of poor ECOG PS SCLC patients that received chemotherapy in our institution.METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records from patients with ECOG PS 3-4 SCLC, who received systemic chemotherapy, was performed between January 2001 and December 2006 at the Instituto Nacional do Câncer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. RESULTS: A total of 40 patients were included. Extensive disease was observed in 85% of patients and 25% had PS 4. The median overall survival was 53 days (64 days for ECOG PS 3 and 7 days for ECOG PS 4). There were 30% of early deaths. On univariate analysis, lactate dehydrogenase value, need for hospital admission, and exposure to radiotherapy had impact on survival. ECOG PS 3 patients had better survival than PS 4 patients, even when adjusted for stage. On multivariate analysis, ECOG PS, combined with stage, sustained a major influence on survival.CONCLUSIONS: Median survival for ECOG PS 4 patients treated with chemotherapy in our series was extremely short with a high rate of early deaths. ECOG PS 3 patients also showed a poor survival. These data suggest that we need a more comprehensive approach and further studies, regarding the palliative care of this high-risk population (AU)
Localização: BR440.1