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An alternative splice product of IkappaB kinase (IKKgamma), IKKgamma-delta, differentially mediates cytokine and human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 tax-induced NF-kappaB activation.

Autor(es): Hai, Tao; Yeung, Man-Lung; Wood, Thomas G; Wei, Yuanfen; Yamaoka, Shoji; Gatalica, Zoran; Jeang, Kuan-Teh; Brasier, Allan R
Fonte: J Virol;80(9): 4227-41, 2006 May.
Artigo [ PMID: 16611882 ] Idioma(s): Inglês
Publicação: Artigo de Revista; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
NF-kappaB is an inducible transcription factor mediating innate immune responses whose activity is controlled by the multiprotein IkappaB kinase (IKK) "signalsome". The core IKK consists of two catalytic serine kinases, IKKalpha and IKKbeta, and a noncatalytic subunit, IKKgamma. IKKgamma is required for IKK activity by mediating kinase oligomerization and serving to couple the core catalytic subunits to upstream mitogen-activated protein 3-kinase cascades. We have discovered an alternatively spliced IKKgamma mRNA isoform, encoding an in-frame deletion of exon 5, termed IKKgamma-delta. Using a specific reverse transcription-PCR assay, we find that IKKgamma-delta is widely expressed in cultured human cells and normal human tissues. Because IKKgamma-Delta protein is lacking a critical coiled-coil domain important in protein-protein interactions, we sought to determine its signaling properties by examining its ability to self associate, couple to activators of the canonical pathway, and mediate human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) Tax-induced NF-kappaB activity. Coimmunoprecipitation and confocal colocalization assays indicate IKKgamma-delta has strong homo- and heterotypic association with wild-type (WT) IKKgamma and, like IKKgamma WT, associates with the IKKbeta kinase. Similarly, IKKgamma-delta mediates IKK kinase activity and downstream NF-kappaB-dependent transcription in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and the NF-kappaB-inducing kinase-IKKalpha signaling pathway. Surprisingly, however, in contrast to IKKgamma WT, IKKgamma-delta is not able to mediate HTLV-1 Tax-induced NF-kappaB-dependent transcription, even though IKKgamma-delta binds and colocalizes with Tax. These observations suggest that IKKgamma-delta is a functionally distinct alternatively spliced mRNA product differentially mediating TNF-induced, but not Tax-induced, signals converging on the IKK signalsome. Differing levels of IKKgamma-delta expression, therefore, may affect signal transduction cascades coupling to IKK.