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Rehabilitation in esophageal cancer.

Autor(es): Gimigliano, Raffaele; Bertella, Marianna; Gimigliano, Francesca; Iolascon, Giovanni
Fonte: Rays;30(4): 295-8, 2005 Oct-Dec.
Artigo [ PMID: 16792003 ] Idioma(s): Inglês
Publicação: Artigo de Revista; Revisão
Cancer of the esophagus has an unfavorable prognosis with a five-year survival rate after radical surgery of less than 10%; early diagnosis is difficult. The appearance of symptoms, particulary dysphagia, is due to more than 2/3 tumor involvement of the esophageal circumference, already present in 2/3 of patients at diagnosis. Symptoms can be local and/or systemic; they can be physical, psychic, iatrogenic and evolutive. A careful rehabilitation program should follow these patients during the entire course of their disease The rehabilitation approach intends to define areas of intervention, short-term goals, possible achievements, role of health operators and overall verifications. Common problems of patients with esophageal cancer, are analyzed. A rehabilitation program including the patient care throughout the hospitalization period to improve his/her autonomy with respect to his/her social and familial activities, is illustrated.