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Evaluation of occupational exposure of shoe makers to benzene and toluene compounds in shoe manufacturing workshops in East tehran.

Autor(es): Azari, Mansour R; Hosseini, Vajihe; Jafari, Mohammad Javad; Soori, Hamid; Asadi, Parisa; Mousavion, Seid Mohammad Ali
Fonte: Tanaffos;11(4): 43-9, 2012.
Artigo [ PMID: 25191437 ] Idioma(s): Inglês
Publicação: Artigo de Revista
BACKGROUND: Shoe making is among the oldest traditional occupations. Hazardous chemical substances such as adhesives containing benzene and toluene are used in the manufacturing process. Due to the lack of studies on exposure of shoemakers to benzene and toluene in Iran, this study was organized aiming at evaluating occupational exposure and risk assessment in shoemakers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overall, 48 shoemakers (12 workshops) in East Tehran were selected randomly for this study. Personal exposure of shoemakers in four different task groups of cutting, modeling, fitting and finishing was examined during three consecutive months (October, November and December) with different climatic conditions. Sampling and analysis of samples were based on an OSHA method (Method No.12). RESULTS: The results of personal monitoring of subjects' exposure to benzene and toluene in each of the three consecutive months (Mean ± standard error) were 1.10± 0.11, 1.37 ± 0.14 and 1.52 ± 0.18ppm, 11.78 ± 1.77, 14.87 ± 1.71 and 16.08 ± 2.31ppm respectively. Due to climatic temperature changes from October to December and restriction of air flow due to closure of windows and shut down of general ventilation systems, a general trend of increased exposure was noticed. However, the difference among these three examinations was not statistically significant. Shoemakers in four task groups did not have statistically significant differences in exposure to benzene and toluene. The severity of shoemaker's exposure to toluene was significantly correlated with the number of manufactured shoes and the amount of glue used for the process. CONCLUSION: Considering the magnitude of personal exposure of task groups to benzene and toluene which was higher than TLV-TWA and unacceptably high risk of cancer and non-cancerous diseases in these subjects, improvement of work conditions for shoemakers seems imperative.