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Financiamento federal da Vigilância Sanitária no Brasil de 2005 a 2012: análise da distribuição dos recursos./ Financiamento federal da Vigilância Sanitária no Brasil de 2005 a 2012: análise da distribuição dos recursos./ Federal financing of health surveillance in Brazil from 2005 to 2012: an analysis of distribution of resources.

Autor(es): Battesini, Marcelo; Andrade, Carla Lourenço Tavares de; Seta, Marismary Horsth De
Fonte:
Artigo [ PMID: 29069185 ] Idioma: Português; Inglês
Tipo de publicação: Artigo de Revista
Health Surveillance carries out a set of actions to prevent health risks related to the consumption of products and the provision of services under the Unified Health System (SUS). The implementation of Health Surveillance actions relies heavily on the federal funding policy, which induces its decentralization. This text aims to analyze the federal funding of Health Surveillance to States and Municipalities from the scheduled onlendings in the period 2005-2012. Among the main results are the increase of per capita values, steady at around the mean value of R$ 1.25/inhabitant/year; the increased number of municipalities that agreed to carry out strategic actions; and a stable trend in the proportions of each federated entity at around 50% to Municipalities, 25% to state federated entities and 20% to the Central Public Health Laboratories (LACENs). Results show that the adoption of unified nationwide per capita values caused distortions that indicate inequity among state territories, pointing to the need to clarify the concept of equity in financing under the National Health Surveillance System and to broaden the discussion on the currently used allocation criteria.