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A Review of Pain Prevalence in Alzheimer's, Vascular, Frontotemporal and Lewy Body Dementias.

van Kooten, Janine; Binnekade, Tarik T; van der Wouden, Johannes C; Stek, Max L; Scherder, Erik J A; Husebø, Bettina S; Smalbrugge, Martin; Hertogh, Cees M P M.
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord; 41(3-4): 220-32, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27160163

BACKGROUND:

Numerous studies have reported on pain in dementia. It has been hypothesized that pain perception differs between dementia subtypes, and therefore, the prevalence of pain differs between dementia subtypes. However, there remains a paucity of evidence on the differences in the prevalence of pain in different dementia subtypes. This review aimed to determine the prevalence of pain for the major dementia subtypes: Alzheimer's disease (AD), vascular dementia (VaD), frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB).

SUMMARY:

We found 10 studies that met our inclusion criteria. Most of these studies reported on AD; studies reporting the prevalence of pain in people with DLB were scarce, and for FTD, we found no studies. The sample-weighted prevalence of pain could only be calculated for AD, VaD and mixed dementia: AD 45.8% (95% confidence interval, CI: 33.4-58.5%), VaD 56.2% (95% CI: 47.7-64.4%) and mixed dementia 53.9% (95% CI: 37.4-70.1%).KEY MESSAGES: Studies investigating the prevalence of pain in dementia subtypes were scarce; however, we found a high prevalence of pain in dementia without significant differences between the dementia subtypes. More studies are required to draw firm conclusions on the differences in the prevalence of pain between dementia subtypes.