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Producción pecuaria y emergencia de antibiótico resistencia en Colombia: Revisión sistemática / Livestock production and emergency antibiotic resistance in Colombia: Systematic review

Arenas, Nelson E.; Melo, Vilma Moreno.
Infectio; 22(2): 110-119, abr.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | | ID: biblio-892762
Abstract The extensive use of antibiotics is a common practice to increase livestock production. Thus, animal husbandry entails a high selective pressure to control infectious outbreaks which also might result in the emergence of multidrug resistant strains. This review's aim is to survey cases associated with zoonotic pathogens showing antibiotic resistance in Colombia. The resistant pathogens most commonly isolated from the food chain were Salmonella sp. and Escherichia coli. The nontherapeutic and abuse of antibiotics such as β-lactams, macrolides and tetracycline represented the most critical selective pressure. Furthermore, environmental and food contamination with traces of antibiotics have been found in different local studies. Rise of resistant pathogens to veterinary drugs might result due poor implementation of good farming practices in the animal health plan.