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Eficacia de la educación lúdica en la prevención del Dengue en escolares / The efficacy of play-based education in preventing Dengue in primary-school children

Vesga-Gómez, Celmira; Cáceres-Manrique, Flor de María.
Rev Salud Publica (Bogota); 12(4): 558-569, ago. 2010. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | | ID: lil-574931
Objectivo Evaluating the effectiveness of primary-school children's play-based education for improving knowledge about Dengue prevention, control and practice. Methods This was a before-after type intervention study which was carried out in Bucaramanga between July and November 2009. A group of leading primary-school children received play-based education about Dengue and leadership after they had been surveyed regarding their knowledge about dengue control practices. Then they signed commitments to implement action with family and neighbours; they were followed-up for four months and home visits were made to assess commitment and repeat the survey. Data was compared before and after, by Chi2 test, considering p<0.05 to be significant. Results Follow-up was completed for 89 of the 99 children (90 percent). There were significant increases in knowledge about dengue as a disease (from 73 percent to 95.5 percent), as being very severe (82 percent to 96.6 percent), being transmitted by mosquitoes (82 percent to 100 percent), being caused by virus (1.1 percent to 19.1 percent), in recognising larvae (54 percent to 95.5 percent) and breeding sites (43 percent to 88 percent), recognising symptoms of fever (67.4 percent to 97.8 percent), pain in the bones (21.3 percent to 62.9 percent), headache (37.1 percent to 64 percent) and bleeding (16.8 percent to 42.7 percent), in the need for opportune consultation (77.5 percent to 98.9 percent), spraying (22.5 percent to 47.2 percent) and washing out water tanks (67.5 percent to 89.7 percent). The children fulfilled their commitment and creatively and inventively engaged in more activities. Conclusions Play-based education was effective in improving knowledge and practice regarding dengue prevention.