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Comparison of benefits provided by different hearing aid technologies.

Autor(es): Walden, B E; Surr, R K; Cord, M T; Edwards, B; Olson, L
Fonte: J Am Acad Audiol;11(10): 540-60, 2000 Nov-Dec.
[ PMID: 11198072 ] Idioma: Inglês
Tipo de publicação: Ensaio Clínico; Estudo Comparativo; Artigo de Revista; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
The performance of 40 hearing-impaired adults with the GN ReSound digital BZ5 hearing instrument was compared with performance with linear hearing aids with input compression limiting (AGC-I) or two-channel analog wide dynamic range compression (WDRC) instruments. The BZ5 was evaluated with an omnidirectional microphone, dual-microphone directionality, and a noise reduction circuit in combination with dual-microphone directionality. Participants were experienced hearing aid users who were wearing linear AGC-I or analog WDRC instruments at the time of enrolment. Performance was assessed using the Connected Speech Test (CST) presented at several presentation levels and under various conditions of signal degradation and by the Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (PHAB). Subjective ratings of speech understanding, listening comfort, and sound quality/naturalness were also obtained using 11-point interval scales. Small performance advantages were observed for WDRC over linear AGC-I, although WDRC did not have to be implemented digitally for these performance advantages to be realized. Substantial performance advantages for the dual microphones over the omnidirectional microphone were observed in the CST results in noise, but participants generally did not perceive these large advantages in everyday listening. The noise reduction circuit provided improved listening comfort but little change in speech understanding.