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Resultados  1-12 de 442

Zoonotic influenza viruses: antigenic and genetic characteristics and development of candidate vaccine viruses for pandemic preparedness – Virus grippaux zoonotiques: caractéristiques génétiques et antigéniques et mise au point de virus vaccinaux candidats pour se preparer à une pandémie

Autor(es): World Health Organization = Organisation mondiale de la Santé
Fonte: Geneva = Genève; World Health Organization = Organisation mondiale de la Santé; 2017-03-24. , 92, 12
WHOLIS - Sistema de Informação da Biblioteca da OMS ID: 254828

Influenza vaccine response during the start of a pandemic: report of the second WHO informal consultation held in Geneva, Switzerland, 21 - 22 July 2016

Autor(es): World Health Organization
Fonte: Geneva; World Health Organization; 2017. (WHO/HSE/PED/GIP/EPI/2017.1).
WHOLIS - Sistema de Informação da Biblioteca da OMS ID: 254743

Reviewing the History of Pandemic Influenza: Understanding Patterns of Emergence and Transmission.

Autor(es): Saunders-Hastings, Patrick R; Krewski, Daniel
Fonte: Pathogens;5(4)2016 Dec 06.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 27929449
Resumo: For centuries, novel strains of influenza have emerged to produce human pandemics, causing widespread illness, death, and disruption. There have been four influenza pandemics in the past hundred years. During this time, globalization processes, alongside advances in medicine and epidemiology, have altered the way these pandemics are experienced. Drawing on international case studies, this paper provides a review of the impact of past influenza pandemics, while examining the evolution of our (mais)

A Role of Influenza Virus Exposure History in Determining Pandemic Susceptibility and CD8+ T Cell Responses.

Autor(es): Quiñones-Parra, Sergio M; Clemens, E Bridie; Wang, Zhongfang; Croom, Hayley A; Kedzierski, Lukasz; McVernon, Jodie; Vijaykrishna, Dhanasekaran; Kedzierska, Katherine
Fonte: J Virol;90(15): 6936-47, 2016 Aug 01.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 27226365
Resumo: UNLABELLED: Novel influenza viruses often cause differential infection patterns across different age groups, an effect that is defined as heterogeneous demographic susceptibility. This occurred during the A/H2N2 pandemic, when children experienced higher influenza attack rates than adults. Since the recognition of conserved epitopes across influenza subtypes by CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) limit influenza disease, we hypothesized that conservation of CTL antigenic peptides (Ag-p) i (mais)

A Tale of Many Cities: A Contemporary Historical Study of the Implementation of School Closures during the 2009 pA(H1N1) Influenza Pandemic.

Autor(es): Navarro, J Alexander; Kohl, Katrin S; Cetron, Martin S; Markel, Howard
Fonte: J Health Polit Policy Law;41(3): 393-421, 2016 Jun.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 26921384
Resumo: Applying qualitative historical methods, we examined the consideration and implementation of school closures as a nonpharmaceutical intervention (NPI) in thirty US cities during the spring 2009 wave of the pA(H1N1) influenza pandemic. We gathered and performed close textual readings of official federal, state, and municipal government documents; media coverage; and academic publications. Lastly, we conducted oral history interviews with public health and education officials in our selected (mais)

Overcrowding and Mortality During the Influenza Pandemic of 1918.

Autor(es): Aligne, C Andrew
Fonte: Am J Public Health;106(4): 642-4, 2016 Apr.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 26959269
Resumo: The influenza pandemic of 1918 killed more than 50 million people. Why was 1918 such an outlier? I. W. Brewer, a US Army physician at Camp Humphreys, Virginia, during the First World War, investigated several factors suspected of increasing the risk of severe flu: length of service in the army, race, dirty dishes, flies, dust, crowding, and weather. Overcrowding stood out, increasing the risk of flu 10-fold and the risk of flu complicated with pneumonia five-fold. Calculations made with Bre (mais)

Human temperatures for syndromic surveillance in the emergency department: data from the autumn wave of the 2009 swine flu (H1N1) pandemic and a seasonal influenza outbreak.

Autor(es): Bordonaro, Samantha F; McGillicuddy, Daniel C; Pompei, Francesco; Burmistrov, Dmitriy; Harding, Charles; Sanchez, Leon D
Fonte: BMC Emerg Med;16: 16, 2016 Mar 09.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 26961277
Resumo: BACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) increasingly acts as a gateway to the evaluation and treatment of acute illnesses. Consequently, it has also become a key testing ground for systems that monitor and identify outbreaks of disease. Here, we describe a new technology that automatically collects body temperatures during triage. The technology was tested in an ED as an approach to monitoring diseases that cause fever, such as seasonal flu and some pandemics. METHODS: Temporal artery the (mais)

An operational epidemiological model for calibrating agent-based simulations of pandemic influenza outbreaks.

Autor(es): Prieto, D; Das, T K
Fonte: Health Care Manag Sci;19(1): 1-19, 2016 Mar.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 24710651
Resumo: Uncertainty of pandemic influenza viruses continue to cause major preparedness challenges for public health policymakers. Decisions to mitigate influenza outbreaks often involve tradeoff between the social costs of interventions (e.g., school closure) and the cost of uncontrolled spread of the virus. To achieve a balance, policymakers must assess the impact of mitigation strategies once an outbreak begins and the virus characteristics are known. Agent-based (AB) simulation is a useful tool (mais)
Resultados  1-12 de 442