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Resultados  1-12 de 14

What Transmission Precautions Best Control Influenza Spread in a Hospital?

Autor(es): Blanco, Natalia; Eisenberg, Marisa C; Stillwell, Terri; Foxman, Betsy
Fonte: Am J Epidemiol;183(11): 1045-54, 2016 Jun 01.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 27188950
Resumo: Influenza is a significant problem within hospitals, leading to extended hospital stays, excess morbidity and mortality, and economic loss. Prevention and control strategies are generally "bundled"; therefore, the individual effects of particular strategies and the value of combined strategies cannot be determined directly, making it difficult to discern the optimal strategy. To quantify the individual and joint effectiveness of several known influenza infection control measures used in gen (mais)

Modeling risk of occupational zoonotic influenza infection in swine workers.

Autor(es): Paccha, Blanca; Jones, Rachael M; Gibbs, Shawn; Kane, Michael J; Torremorell, Montserrat; Neira-Ramirez, Victor; Rabinowitz, Peter M
Fonte: J Occup Environ Hyg;13(8): 577-87, 2016 08.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 26950677
Resumo: Zoonotic transmission of influenza A virus (IAV) between swine and workers in swine production facilities may play a role in the emergence of novel influenza strains with pandemic potential. Guidelines to prevent transmission of influenza to swine workers have been developed but there is a need for evidence-based decision-making about protective measures such as respiratory protection. A mathematical model was applied to estimate the risk of occupational IAV exposure to swine workers by con (mais)

Capture of 0.1-µm aerosol particles containing viable H1N1 influenza virus by N95 filtering facepiece respirators.

Autor(es): Harnish, Delbert A; Heimbuch, Brian K; Balzli, Charles; Choe, Melanie; Lumley, April E; Shaffer, Ronald E; Wander, Joseph D
Fonte: J Occup Environ Hyg;13(3): D46-9, 2016.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 26554291
Resumo: Nosocomial infections pose an escalating threat to both patients and healthcare workers (HCWs). A widely recommended device for individual respiratory protection, the N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) has been shown to provide efficient filtration of inert particles larger and smaller than the nominal most-penetrating particle size (MPPS) range, 0.03-0.3 µm. Humans generate respiratory aerosols in the MPPS range, suggesting that short-range disease transmission could occur via smal (mais)

Hand washing and personal protective equipment: information for health care managers

Autor(es): Pan American Health Organisation
Fonte: Washington; PAHO; July 21, 2009. 10 p.
Repositório Complementar ID: 208
Resumo: This document provides technical information on hand washing and the use of personal protective equipment(PPE) during the Influenza (H1N1) Pandemic, to mitigate the risk of transmission and accumulation of infected cases at national and community levels. It is intended for health care managers1 in all countries in the Regionof the Americas, which may or may not have probable or confirmed cases of infection. It will be revised as the situation evolves and additional information becomes available.(AU)

Infection prevention and control in health care for confirmed or suspected cases of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 and influenza-like illnesses

Autor(es): World Health Organization
Fonte: s.l; WHO; June 25, 2009. 5 p.
Repositório Complementar ID: 195
Resumo: On 11 June 2009, WHO raised its pandemic alert level from phase 5 to phase 6 and characterized the outbreak of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 as moderate. Since the first recorded cases in April 2009, the virus has spread rapidly across the globe resulting in sustained community transmission in numerous countries and at least two WHO regions.

Advice on the use of masks in the community setting in Influenza A (H1N1) outbreaks: Interim guidance

Autor(es): World Health Organization (WHO)
Fonte: Geneva; World Health Organization (WHO); 3 May 2009. 2 p p.
Repositório Complementar ID: 21
Resumo: This document provides interim guidance on the use of masks in communities that have reported community-level outbreaks caused by the new Influenza A(H1N1) virus. It will be revised as more data become available.(AU)

Protocolo para enfrentamento da influenza A (H1N1) em portos, aeroportos e fronteiras/ Protocol to cope with the influenza A (H1N1) in ports, airports and borders

Autor(es): Brasil. Ministério da saúde. Grupo executivo interministerial para implantação do plano brasileiro de preparação para uma pandemia de influenza
Fonte: Brasília; Ministério da saúde; 15 maio 2009. 37 p.
Repositório Complementar ID: 158
Resumo: Os vários órgãos e entidades envolvidos nas ações de vigilância nas áreas de portos, aeroportos e fronteiras deverão ter atuação articulada, visando à eficiência das ações coordenadas pelo Ministério da Saúde/ ANVISA para minimizar o risco da disseminação do vírus Influenza A (H1N1) no territórionacional.

Guia de bolso: prevenção e controle

Autor(es): Brasil. Ministério da saúde. Secretaria de vigilância em saúde
Fonte: Brasília; Brasil. Ministério da saúde; 2009. 1 p.
Repositório Complementar ID: 219
Resumo: Medidas preventivas para o controle da gripe Influenza A.Evidências sugerem que o vírus da influenza a (h1n1) está apresentando uma dinâmica de transmissão semelhante à da influenza sazonal. A transmissão do vírus influenza pode ocorrer por via direta ou indireta.

Respiratory infection control: respirators versus surgical masks

Autor(es): Occupational Safety and Health Admistration
Fonte: s.l; Occupational Safety and Health Admistration; 2009.
Repositório Complementar ID: 328
Resumo: It is important that employers and workers understand the significant differences between these two types of personal protective equipment. The decision whether or not to require workers to use either surgical masks or respirators must bebased upon a hazard analysis of the workers%u2019 specific work environments and the different protective properties of each type of personal protective equipment.

Review of aerosol transmission of influenza A virus

Autor(es): Tellier, Raymond
Fonte: Emerg Infect Dis;12(11): 1657-1662, Nov. 2006. .
Repositório Complementar ID: 87
Resumo: In theory, influenza viruses can be transmitted through aerosols, large droplets, or direct contact with secretions (or fomites). These 3 modes are not mutually exclusive. Published findings that support the occurrence of aerosol transmission were reviewed to assess the importance of this mode of transmission. Published evidence indicates that aerosol transmission of influenza can be an important mode of transmission, which has obvious implications for pandemic influenza planning and in par (mais)

Interim public health guidance for the use of facemasks and respirators in non-occupational community settings during an influenza pandemic

Autor(es): USA. Department of Health and Human Services
Fonte: s.l; USA. Department of Health and Human Services; s.d. 13 p.
Repositório Complementar ID: 232
Resumo: This document describes interim guidance for the use of facemasks and respirators in certain public settings during an influenza pandemic. Very little information is available about the effectiveness of facemasks and respirators in controlling the spread of pandemic influenza in community settings. In the absence of scientific data, this document offers interim recommendations that are based on public health judgment and on the historical use of facemasks and respirators in other settings.
Resultados  1-12 de 14