No evidence of a link between influenza vaccines and Guillain-Barre syndrome-associated antiganglioside antibodies.
Fonte: Influenza Other Respi Viruses;6(3): 159-66, 2012 May.
MEDLINE - Literatura Internacional em Ciências da Saúde PMID: 21955390
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by acute, progressive peripheral neuropathy and is commonly associated with the presence of antiganglioside antibodies. Previously, influenza vaccination was linked with the increased incidence of GBS; however, whether antiganglioside antibodies are subsequently induced remains unresolved. METHODS: Sera from human subjects vaccinated with seasonal influenza vaccines from the 2007-2008, 2008-2009, or 1976-1977 influenza seasons were screened for the induction of immunity to influenza and the presence of antiganglioside antibodies pre- and post-vaccination. Likewise, sera from mice vaccinated with seasonal influenza vaccines (1988-1989, 2007-2008) or "swine flu" pandemic vaccines (1976, 2009) were assessed in the same manner. Viruses were also screened for cross-reacting ganglioside epitopes. RESULTS: Antiganglioside antibodies were found to recognize influenza viruses; this reactivity correlated with virus glycosylation. Antibodies to influenza viruses were detected in human and mouse sera, but the prevalence of antiganglioside antibodies was extremely low. CONCLUSIONS: Although the correlation between antiganglioside antibody cross-reactivity and glycosylation of viruses suggests the role of shared carbohydrate epitopes, no correlation was observed between hemagglutinin-inhibition titers and the induction of antiganglioside antibodies after influenza vaccination.