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Formulation and biological actions of nano-bioglass ceramic particles doped with Calcarea phosphorica for bone tissue engineering.

Dinesh Kumar, S; Mohamed Abudhahir, K; Selvamurugan, N; Vimalraj, S; Murugesan, R; Srinivasan, N; Moorthi, A.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl; 83: 202-209, 2018 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29208280
The improvisation of the treatment procedures for treating the various kind of bone defects such as, bone or dental trauma and for diseases such as osteoporosis, osteomyelitis etc., need the suitable and promising biomaterials with resemblance of bone components. Bioactive glass ceramic (BGC) has recently acquired great attention as the most promising biomaterials; hence it has been widely applied as a filler material for bone tissue regeneration. Because it elicts specific biological responses after implantation in addition more potential in formation of strong interface with both hard and soft tissues by dissolution of calcium and phosphate ions. Hence, the current focus in treating the bone defects by orchestrating the biomaterial in combination of alternative medicine such as homeopathic remedies with biomaterials to prevent the adverse effects at minimal concentrations. So the current study was focused on constructing the nano-bioglass ceramic particles (nBGC) doped with novel homeopathic remedy Calcarea phosphorica for dental and bone therapeutic implants. The nBGC particles were synthesized by sol-gel method and reinforced with commercially available Calcarea phosphorica. The synthesized particles were characterized by SEM, DLS, EDS, FT-IR, and XRD studies. The SEM and DLS were shown the size of the particles at nano scale, also the EDS, and FT-IR investigations indicated that the Calcarea phosphorica was integrated with nBGC particles and also the crystalline nature of particles was confirmed by XRD studies. Both nBGC and Calcarea phosphorica doped nBGC (CP-nBGC) were found to be non toxic to mouse mesenchymal stem cells at lower concentrations and also illustrated the better bone forming ability in vitro.
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