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Clinical and molecular genetic analysis for 7 patients from 5 pedigrees with 17a-hydroxylase/17, 20 lyase deficiency / 中华医学遗传学杂志

Bing-li LIU; Jie QIAO; Xia CHEN; Jun LIANG; Chun-lin ZUO; Yan-yun GU; Bing HAN; Jing GONG; Ying RU; Ying-li LU; Wan-ling WU; Ming-dao CHEN; Huai-dong SONG.
Article in Ch | WPRIM | ID: wprim-287407
<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of 7 patients from 5 families with 17a-hydroxylase/17,20 lyase deficiency (17OHD) and the CYP17A1 mutation in Chinese.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical features and laboratory data were collected from 5 families with 17OHD. PCR direct sequencing was performed to screen the mutation of CYP17A1 gene of the patients. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism(PCR-RFLP) and sequencing were performed to screen the mutations of CYP17A1 gene in 288 healthy individuals from Shandong province.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seven patients (5 of them were 46,XX; 2 were 46,XY) had typical clinical presentation of sexual infantilism, hypertension and hypokalemia. Hormone profile indicated decreased plasma cortisol and sex hormones, and elevated blood adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH). TAC329AA and H373L in exon 6 and D487_F489del in exon 8 were identified from the patients. One heterozygote for D487_F489del was identified in 288 healthy controls.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The TAC329AA and D487_F489del of the CYP17A1 gene were the most frequent mutations in Chinese with 17OHD.There might be certain frequency of heterozygotes for D487_F489del in Chinese population.</p>
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