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Impact of implementing electronic clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis, control and treatment of cardiovascular risk factors: A pre-post controlled study / Impacto de la implementación de las guías de práctica clínica electrónicas en el diagnóstico, control y tratamiento de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular: un estudio pre-post controlado

Aten Primaria; 49(7): 389-398, ago.-sept. 2017. graf, tab
Article in English | IBECS | ID: ibc-165655

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the impact of computerized clinical practice guidelines on the management, diagnosis, treatment, control, and follow-up of the main cardiovascular risk factors: hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

DESIGN:

Pre-post controlled study.Setting: Catalonia, autonomous community located in north-eastern Spain.Participants: Individuals aged 35-74 years assigned to general practitioners of the Catalan Health Institute.Intervention: The intervention group consisted of individuals whose general practitioners had accessed the computerized clinical practice guidelines at least twice a day, while the control group consisted of individuals whose general practitioner had never accessed the computerized clinical practice guidelines platform Main outcomes: The Chi-squared test was used to detect significant differences in the follow-up, control, and treatment variables for all three disorders (hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus) between individuals assigned to users and non-users of the computerized clinical practice guidelines, respectively.

RESULTS:

A total of 189,067 patients were included in this study, with a mean age of 56 years (standard deviation 12), and 55.5% of whom were women. Significant differences were observed in hypertension management, treatment and control; type 2 diabetes mellitus management, treatment and diagnoses, and the management and control of hypercholesterolaemia in both sexes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Computerized clinical practice guidelines are an effective tool for the control and follow-up of patients diagnosed with hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolaemia. The usefulness of computerized clinical practice guidelines to diagnose and adequately treat individuals with these disorders remains unclear (AU)
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