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The systematic coronary risk evaluation (SCORE) for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Does evidence exist for its effectiveness? A systematic review.

Acta Cardiol; 72(4): 370-379, 2017 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28705107


The SCORE model predicts the ten-year risk of cardiovascular mortality but it is still unknown whether applying the SCORE in clinical practice subsequently improves cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of total cardiovascular risk estimation using the SCORE in preventing serious cardiovascular events in European adults without prior CVD.


Data sources: eight bibliographical databases (2003 - August 2015), other internet sources and reference lists of articles were checked. This was supplemented by contact with the board members of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the authors of the SCORE model.STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: all prospective studies in any language investigating the effect of using the SCORE on the clinical outcome (CVD death, major events and adverse outcomes) in an adult population were examined. Two reviewers assessed the studies independently (titles, abstracts, full texts). After removal of duplicates, 5,256 records were screened and 14 full text papers considered. No eligible studies were identified. An extensive literature search revealed no randomized control trial or other prospective study comparing significant clinical outcomes between groups that used the SCORE and those who did not.


The effect of using the SCORE (with or without subsequent intervention) on CVD death, all-cause mortality, major CVD events like myocardial infarction and stroke, as well as adverse outcomes, is still unknown. A cluster randomised controlled trial is warranted to evaluate the use of the SCORE on important outcomes.