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In silico identification of inhibitors of ribose 5-phosphate isomerase from Trypanosoma cruzi using ligand and structure based approaches.

J Mol Graph Model; 77: 168-180, 2017 Aug 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28865321

Abstract

Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, affects approximately seven million people, mainly in Latin America, and causes about 7000 deaths annually. The available treatments are unsatisfactory and search for more effective drugs against this pathogen is critical. In this context, the ribose 5-phosphate isomerase (Rpi) enzyme is a potential drug target mainly due to its function in the pentose phosphate pathway and its essentiality (previously shown in other trypanosomatids). In this study, we propose novel potential inhibitors for the Rpi of T. cruzi (TcRpi) based on a computer-aided approach, including structure-based and ligand-based pharmacophore modeling. Along with a substructural and similarity search, the selected pharmacophore hypotheses were used to screen the purchasable subset of the ZINC Database, yielding 20,183 candidate compounds. These compounds were submitted to molecular docking studies in the TcRpi and Human Rpi (HsRpi) active sites in order to identify potential selective inhibitors for the T. cruzi enzyme. After the molecular docking and ADME-T (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity)/PAINS (pan-assay interference compounds) screenings, 211 molecules were selected as potential TcRpi inhibitors. Out of these, three compounds - ZINC36975961, ZINC63480117, and ZINC43763931 - were submitted to molecular dynamics simulations and two of them - ZINC36975961 and ZINC43763931- had good performance and made interactions with important active site residues over all the simulation time. These compounds could be considered potential TcRpi inhibitors candidates and also may be used as leads for developing new TcRpi inhibitors.