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Effect of electronic education based on health promotion model on physical activity in diabetic patients.

Diabetes Metab Syndr; 2017 Aug 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28869152

Abstract

BACKGROUND: By high prevalence of inactivity, particularly in diabetic patients, the need to effective interventions to promote physical activity is essential. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of education based on health promotion model (HPM) through multimedia on the physical activity in diabetic patients. METHOD: In this quasi-experimental study, 76 patients with type II diabetes were evaluated (40 patents in intervention group and 36 patients in control group). The intervention group members and a friend or a family member, that could be supportive in physical activity, received teaching CD based on health promotion model. Both group members at the beginning of the study, two weeks and three months after the training, completed questionnaires. After data collection, statistical analysis was conducted using independent T-test, chi-square test, and repeated measurement of ANOVA. RESULTS: Finding showed that self-efficacy (P<0.001), health status (p=0.032), benefits (P<0.001) and friends support in physical activity (P<0.001) were perceived to be higher, and barrier of physical activity (P<0.001) was perceived to be lower in multimedia group compared to control group 3 months after training. There was a significant difference in average of metabolic equivalent of task (MET) between two groups after the intervention (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Planning of education based on the HPM and implementation through multimedia can change belief about physical activity and increase participation in physical activity.