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Chinese medical students' knowledge, attitude and practice towards human papillomavirus vaccination and their intention to recommend the vaccine.

J Paediatr Child Health; 2017 Sep 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28876498

Abstract

AIM: The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is effective in preventing cervical cancer, but its global uptake rate in vulnerable populations is unsatisfactory. Physician's recommendation is an important determinant for vaccine uptake, but we have limited understanding on the contributing factors of physician's recommendation. This study investigated whether the knowledge, attitudes and vaccination status of medical students would affect their intention to recommend HPV vaccination. METHODS: This is a population-representative survey of medical schools in Hong Kong. RESULTS: Participants included 1022 Chinese medical students (46.9% of all in Hong Kong; 46.3% female). Better HPV-related knowledge and a more positive attitude towards HPV vaccination were important factors predicting vaccine uptake and intention to recommend. HPV vaccination status and intention to receive the vaccine were positively associated with intention to recommend among females. CONCLUSION: Better HPV-related medical education may be a feasible way to promote the HPV vaccine in regions without universal coverage. Medical students who have not received the HPV vaccine should also be encouraged to receive the vaccine.