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Impact of -308 G>A (rs1800629) gene polymorphism in modulation of leprosy risk: a reappraise meta-analysis of 14 case-control studies.

Biosci Rep; 37(5)2017 Oct 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28935761

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Earlier studies have shown that tumor necrosis factor ( ) -308 G>A (rs1800629) gene polymorphism is implicated in the susceptibility to leprosy, but results were inconsistent. METHODS: A meta-analysis of 14 studies involving 3327 leprosy cases and 3203 controls was performed to appraise the association of -308 G>A polymorphism with leprosy using MEDLINE (PUBMED), EMBASE, and Google Scholar web databases. RESULTS: Overall, no significant association was observed in allelic (A vs. G: =0.068; OR = 0.836, 95% CI = 0.689-1.013), homozygous (AA vs. GG: =0.394; OR = 0.810, 95% CI = 0.499-1.315), heterozygous (GA vs. GG: =0.059; OR = 0.780, 95% CI = 0.603-1.010), dominant (AA + GA vs. GG: =0.067; OR = 0.797, 95% CI = 0.625-1.016), and recessive (AA vs. GG + GA: =0.594; OR = 0.877, 95% CI = 0.542- 1.420) genetic models. Subgroup analysis showed no association in Asians. Whereas, reduced risk was found in allelic contrast (A vs. G: =0.014; OR = 0.832, 95% CI = 0.718-0.963) and dominant models (AA + GA vs. GG: =0.004; OR = 0.790, 95% CI = 0.673-0.928) of the mixed population. CONCLUSIONS: -308 G>A polymorphism is not associated with leprosy risk in the overall population. However, subgroup analysis demonstrated protective effect of the said polymorphism in leprosy risk in the Latin American population, but showed no association in the Asians.