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Biocompatibility of submicron Bioglass® powders obtained by a top-down approach.

J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater; 102(5): 952-61, 2014 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25050444
In this study in vitro bioactivity and biocompatibility of two submicron 45S5 Bioglass® powders obtained by topdown processing have been evaluated and are compared to the as-received powder. Both submicron powders exhibited flake-like morphologies with lateral extensions of only a few microns; the flake thickness accounted for a few tens of nanometers. Enhanced in vitro bioactivity was found for the comminuted powders upon immersion in simulated body fluid. In vitro biocompatibility was evaluated by incubation of MG-63 osteoblast-like cells with various amounts (0­200 µg/mL) of the glass powders. Neither LDH-activity nor mitochondrial activity (WST-8) tests indicated cell toxicity. Increased mitochondrial activity was found for the submicron powders: incubation with high amounts revealed up to a threefold increase of osteoblast activity (ALP-activity). An overgrowth of the formed mineralized phase with phenotypical MG-63 cells was found by staining only for the submicron glasses. A distance ring is formed for the as-received powder. Superior bioactivity markers are found for shorter process times, that is, lower mass specific surface areas. This is attributed to the formation of carbonates during the comminution process.