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Impatto economico di gestione dell'IFAd nei pazienti in Terapia Intensiva con i moderni sistemi di gestione FMS: confronto tra Rianimazioni. / [Economic impact of AFId management with modern management system in Intensive Care patients: comparison between ICUs].

Assist Inferm Ric; 35(4): 187-196, 2016 Oct-Dec.
Artículo en Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28151511
. Economic impact of AFId management with modern management systems in Intensive Care patients: comparison between ICUs.

INTRODUCTION:

Acute fecal incontinence associated with diarrhea (AFId) affects up to 40% of intensive care unit (ICU) patients and may be responsible for pressure ulcers (PU). The FMS (Fecal Management System) though improving the management of these patients is not often provided due to its cost.

AIM:

To measure the costs of the use of FMS compared to routine care in three intensive care units (ICU) of Piedmont (Italy).

METHODS:

All patients admitted from January to June 2016, > 18 years with at least three AFId episodes in the previous 24 hours were included. The costs for hygiene, medications and nursing time spent were calculated on 10 patients without FMS, accounting for the mean number of diarrhea attacks (3.04 per day), and mean days of FMS use.

RESULTS:

The FMS generated savings compared to routine care in nursing time, equipments for hygiene and pressure sores medications in patients with sacral sores. Savings depended on length of use (LoU) of the device: ICU with 10 patients (7 with PUs), mean LoU FMS 11.9 days, savings 1.210 euros; ICU with 10 patients (2 with PUs), mean LoU FMS 17.3 days, savings 5.317 euros; ICU with 45 patients (11 with PUs) mean LoU FMS 9.3 days, cost increase 1.057 euros. The cost of FMS is quickly amortised in patients with PUs. No FMS patients developed a new PUs.

CONCLUSIONS:

The FMS gives rise to savings when used in patients with PUs or for more than 10 days. The savings related to the prevention of PUs should be also added.