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Relación entre el informe del cuidador sobre el habla espontánea del paciente y la Evaluación Breve de la Afasia. / Relación entre el informe del cuidador sobre el habla espontánea del paciente y la Evaluación Breve de la Afasia. / Relationship between the caregiver's report on the patient's spontaneous-speech and the Brief Aphasia Evaluation.

Codas; 29(5): e20170035, 2017 Nov 09.
Artículo en Español, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29160336

PURPOSE:

To study the relationship between the caregiver's perception about the patient's impairment in spontaneous speech, according to an item of four questions administered by semi-structured interview, and the patient's performance in the Brief Aphasia Evaluation (BAE).

METHODS:

102 right-handed patients with focal brain lesions of different types and location were examined. BAE is a valid and reliable instrument to assess aphasia. The caregiver's perception was correlated with the item of spontaneous speech, the total score and the three main factors of the BAE: Expression, Comprehension and Complementary factors. The precision (sensitivity/ specificity) about the caregiver's perception of the patient's spontaneous speech was analyzed with reference to the presence or absence of disorder, according to the professional, on the BAE item of spontaneous speech.

RESULTS:

The studied correlation was satisfactory, being greater (higher than 80%) for the following indicators: the item of spontaneous speech, the Expression factor and the total score of the scale; the correlation was a little smaller (higher than 70%) for the Comprehension and Complementary factors. Comparing two cut-off points that evaluated the precision of the caregiver's perception, satisfactory results were observed in terms of sensitivity and specificity (>70%) with likelihood ratios higher than three. By using the median as the cut-off point, more satisfactory diagnostic discriminations were obtained.

CONCLUSION:

Interviewing the caregiver specifically on the patient's spontaneous speech, in an abbreviated form, provides relevant information for the aphasia diagnosis.