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Rhythmic activities of the brain: Quantifying the high complexity of beta and gamma oscillations during visuomotor tasks.

Chaos; 28(7): 075513, 2018 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30070505
Electroencephalography (EEG) signals depict the electrical activity that takes place at the surface of the brain and provide an important tool for understanding a variety of cognitive processes. The EEG is the product of synchronized activity of the brain, and variations in EEG oscillations patterns reflect the underlying changes in neuronal synchrony. Our aim is to characterize the complexity of the EEG rhythmic oscillations bands when the subjects perform a visuomotor or imagined cognitive tasks (imagined movement), providing a causal mapping of the dynamical rhythmic activities of the brain as a measure of attentional investment. We estimate the intrinsic correlational structure of the signals within the causality entropy-complexity plane H×C, where the enhanced complexity in the gamma 1, gamma 2, and beta 1 bands allows us to distinguish motor-visual memory tasks from control conditions. We identify the dynamics of the gamma 1, gamma 2, and beta 1 rhythmic oscillations within the zone of a chaotic dissipative behavior, whereas in contrast the beta 2 band shows a much higher level of entropy and a significant low level of complexity that correspond to a non-invertible cubic map. Our findings enhance the importance of the gamma band during attention in perceptual feature binding during the visuomotor/imagery tasks.