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Ethanol withdrawal limits fear memory reactivation-induced molecular events associated with destabilization phase: Influence of d-cycloserine.

Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30145183
A 1-day fear memory in ethanol withdrawn (ETOH) rats is resistant to destabilization-reconsolidation process. However, d-cycloserine (DCS) reverts this disturbance. Considering that the formation of pathological fear memories in humans often occurs long time before the requirement of an intervention, the study of older memories is relevant in ETOH rats. In addition, the resistance to destabilization and DCS effect on this memory phase at molecular level in ETOH rats have not been corroborated yet. Firstly, we examined the effect of a pharmacological intervention after reactivation on reconsolidation of a 7-day fear memory in ETOH rats. Then, and considering that enhanced GluN2B expression and ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) activity are involved in destabilization, we evaluated them following reactivation in ETOH rats. Furthermore, DCS effect on such destabilization markers was examined. It was found that the pharmacological intervention after reactivation did not affect the 7-day fear memory in ETOH rats with DCS reversing this resistance. Memory reactivation increased GluN2B expression, polyubiquitination levels and proteasome activity in the basolateral amygdala complex (BLA) of control (CON) rats only; without affecting these molecular events in ETOH rats. Finally, ETOH rats treated with DCS and CON animals displayed elevated and similar UPS activities in the BLA after reactivation. In conclusion, the reactivation of an older fear memory formed during ethanol withdrawal does not trigger the molecular events associated with destabilization, and DCS facilitates this memory phase by enhancing the UPS activity.