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Novel finding of caveolin-2 in apical membranes of proximal tubule and first detection of caveolin-2 in urine: A promising biomarker of renal disease.

J Cell Biochem; 2018 Sep 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30269377
Caveolin-2 (Cav-2) is expressed in a variety of cell tissue, and it has also been found in renal tissue. The expression of Cav-2 in proximal tubules is still unclear. The aim of this study was to carry out a complete evaluation of the expression pattern of Cav-2 in rat renal cortex to clarify and deepen the knowledge about the localization of Cav-2 in the proximal tubules and also to evaluate its presence in urine. Male Wistar rats were used to assess Cav-2 expression by Western blot analysis in homogenates, apical, and basolateral membranes from kidney cortex, in lysates and total plasma membranes from renal cortical cell suspensions, in urine, and in urinary exosomes. Cav-2 was clearly expressed in renal cortex homogenates and in both apical and basolateral membranes isolated from kidney cortex, with a greater expression on the former membranes. It was also observed in lysates and in plasma membranes from cortical cell suspensions. Moreover, Cav-2 was found in urine and in its exosomal fraction. These results confirmed the presence of Cav-2 in proximal tubule cells in the kidney of healthy rats, and showed for the first time its expression at the apical membrane of these cells and in urine. Besides, urinary exosomal pathway could be involved in Cav-2 urinary excretion under normal conditions. We observed an increase in the urinary abundance of Cav-2 in two models of acute kidney injury, and thus we proposed the urinary excretion of Cav-2 as a potential biomarker of kidney injury.