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Interprofessional education among Nigerian clinical students: implications for interprofessional care (A mixed method analysis).

J Interprof Care; : 1-9, 2018 Nov 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30428727
Interprofessional education (IPE) is effective for teaching health profession students about the roles of different healthcare professionals for collaborative practice. This study was designed to investigate clinical students' awareness, knowledge, and perception of IPE. A mixed method convergent parallel design of Cross-Sectional Survey (CSS) and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was used. Data on awareness, perception and knowledge about IPE were collected using a self-developed, content-validated questionnaire and Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale, respectively, and was analysed using Chi-Square, and Mann-Whitney U test at α = 0.05. For the FGD, data were collected from 13 purposively selected students in a Nigerian university and analysed through content thematic analysis. Participants in the CSS were aged 21.9 ± 2.0 years. Over half of the participants (57.4%) reported being unaware of IPE. More than half (73.0%) of the participants that were aware had good knowledge. Majority (93.3%) had a positive perception of IPE. There was a significant association between participants' knowledge and perception (p = 0.008) of IPE; however, there was no significant association (p = 0.051) between their awareness and perception. Also, there were no significant sex variations in the knowledge of IPE (0.371). However, there was a significant sex difference in their perception (p = 0.008). Some of the discussants in the FGD reported being aware of the term IPE. Discussants had at least fair knowledge of IPE and reported that IPE is important; and supports its formal implementation and inclusion in the curricula of study; emphasizing that it should be started early enough in their training. Awareness of interprofessional education is sub-optimal among these clinical students, however more than half of those who were aware had good knowledge. Most of them had a positive perception. There is a need to improve clinical students' awareness and knowledge about IPE by using integrated seminars and implementing IPE into the curricula of their training.