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Using reflective practice in interprofessional education and practice: a realist review of its characteristics and effectiveness.

J Interprof Care; : 1-13, 2018 Dec 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30513235
This article presents the results of a realist review of the use of reflective practice interventions aimed at improving interprofessional education and collaborative practice (IPECP). Reflective practice is recognized as one of the determining factors in health and social service professionals' skills development and maintenance, as well as in the establishment of good collaboration practices. In this respect, it is a key element of interprofessional education (IPE) and its relevance in this field is being asserted more and more strongly. However, few studies have been conducted to document its effectiveness. The purpose of this article is therefore to advance knowledge in this field. Searches in health and social services electronic databases identified six studies presenting reflective practice interventions in IPECP aimed at enhancing collaboration among students or practicing professionals. Analysis provided preliminary answers as to the effectiveness of reflective practice interventions in IPECP, as well as pertinent information on the best methods for achieving effectiveness. It concludes by proposing recommendations designed to change reflective practice interventions in IPECP and by stressing the importance of further research in order to document more fully the effectiveness of reflective practice in IPECP and to identify the most promising intervention methods in this regard.