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Playing the Surgical Technologist Role by Surgery Residents Improves Their Technical and Nontechnical Skills.

J Surg Res; 238: 57-63, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30738359

BACKGROUND:

The present study was designed to implement and evaluate an interprofessional surgical technologist-to-surgical resident training program for junior general surgery residents aimed at enhancing their operating room skills. This program would be incorporated into the general surgery educational curriculum.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Under the guidance and supervision of a surgical technologist, first-year and second-year general surgery residents performed the perioperative and intraoperative tasks that are the responsibilities of the surgical technologist for 16 inguinal/umbilical hernia and 15 laparoscopic appendectomy/cholecystectomy operations performed by attending surgeons assisted by other surgical residents from June 01, 2017 until December 31, 2017. A pretraining and post-training survey comprised 25 ranked questions (using a four-point Likert scale), and four Yes/No questions were administered to volunteer general surgery residents.

RESULTS:

Paired t-test analysis showed that playing the role of the surgical technologist by the junior surgery residents significantly improved (P < 0.0001) their assessment of operating room technical skills (knowledge and skills to prepare for the case and maintain a sterile field, understanding of the operative steps, knowledge of surgical instruments and their handling) as well as their nontechnical skills (situational awareness, understanding the importance of collaboration, teamwork, and communication). The answers to the binary Yes/No questions showed that all participating residents expect to use the experience gained from this training, would recommend this training session to a colleague, and support including this training session in their educational curriculum.

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings of this study suggest a significant educational benefit of incorporating interprofessional, surgical technologist-to-surgical resident training into the educational curriculum of the junior general surgery residents.