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Recurrent oral squamous cell carcinoma-incorporating advance care planning in education and practice.

Spec Care Dentist; 39(2): 246-251, 2019 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30748030
This reflection describes a life-limiting case of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) that required thoughtful management facilitated by an advance care plan (ACP). A 70-year-old female was diagnosed with a T4aN2bM0 biopsy-proven invasive, well-differentiated keratinizing SCC. Surgical wide-local excision included teeth #11-16 with left unilateral neck dissection, levels I-V. She was rehabilitated with maxillary obturator prosthesis and underwent chemoradiation therapy. Her course was complicated by dysphagia and trismus. She experienced multiple recurrences. At a certain point, negative margins could not be achieved without facial disfigurement. The patient, her husband, and providers decided together that further management would be palliative. Before the additional surgical procedures, she communicated a thorough ACP with her husband and providers who were prepared to facilitate difficult care decisions on her behalf. The patient passed away at home with hospice care at the age of 74. This motivated patient with oral SCC and impactful postmanagement complications appreciated the clarity of an ACP. Her values and goals of care were incorporated with ongoing communication and documentation of this plan, which was instrumental in facilitating her person-centered care. The providers apply lessons learned here in future practice and education of residents and students.