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Characterizing pediatric inpatient sleep duration and disruptions.

Sleep Med; 57: 87-91, 2019 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30921685

OBJECTIVE:

To contextualize inpatient sleep duration and disruptions in a general pediatric hospital ward by comparing in-hospital and at-home sleep durations to recommended guidelines and to objectively measure nighttime room entries.

METHODS:

Caregivers of patients four weeks - 18 years of age reported patient sleep duration and disruptions in anonymous surveys. Average at-home and in-hospital sleep durations were compared to National Sleep Foundation recommendations. Objective nighttime traffic was evaluated as the average number of room entries between 11:00pm and 7:00am using GOJO brand hand-hygiene room entry data.

RESULTS:

Among 246 patients, patients slept less in the hospital than at home with newborn and infant cohorts experiencing 7- and 4-h sleep deficits respectively (Newborn: 787 ± 318 min at home vs. 354 ± 211 min in hospital, p < 0.001; Infants: 703 ± 203 min at home vs. 412 ± 152 min in hospital, p < 0.01). Newborn children also experienced >2 h sleep deficits at home when compared to NSF recommendations (Newborns: 787 ± 318 min at home vs. 930 min recommended, p < 0.05). Objective nighttime traffic measures revealed that hospitalized children experienced 7.3 room entries/night (7.3 ± 0.25 entries). Nighttime traffic was significantly correlated with caregiver-reported nighttime awakenings (Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient: 0.83, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Hospitalization is a missed opportunity to improve sleep both in the hospital and at home.