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The effect of intracameral epinephrine on pupil size during phacoemulsification and its postoperative effect on specular findings and macular thickness

Rev Bras Oftalmol; 75(6): 425-431, nov.-dez. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: BIBLIO-829978

Resumo

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate pupillary size and vital signs following intraoperative intracameral adrenaline during phacoemulsification and postoperative effect of on co specular microscopy findings and macular thickness by OCT. Methods: A prospective interventional study carried out from December 2014 to December 2015 on 90 eyes. They were divided randomly into further 6 groups (15 each). The inclusion criteria consisted of no history of ocular pathologic conditions, trauma, previous ocular surgery, or recent ocular medication use. All patients were dilated preoperatively by phenylephrine 10% and operated under local peribulbar anesthesia. Then systemic monitoring regarding (pulse rate, blood pressure) and measurement of the horizontal pupil diameter by a caliper to the nearest 0.25mm pre and post intracameral adrenaline injection. Results: In our study there were great effect for intracameral epinephrine, with concentrations used, in dilatation and maintainance of papillary dilatation, The mean pre intracameral epinephrine was 4.53± 1.27 mm.The mean post epinephrine papillary diameter was 6.46± 1.00 mm. Three cases from group 1/10000 weren't dilated properly. Also three cases from group 1/9000 weren't dilated properly after intracameral epinephrine. Conclusion: Intracameral epinephrine even in higher concentrations is effective in papillary dilatation especially in cases with long duration and poorly dilated cases by usual topical mydriatics.
Biblioteca responsável: BR1.2