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The effect of telehealth, telephone support or usual care on quality of life, mortality and healthcare utilization in elderly high-risk patients with multiple chronic conditions. A prospective study / Telecuidados, apoyo telefónico o cuidados habituales: impacto sobre la calidad de vida, mortalidad y uso de recursos sanitarios en pacientes ancianos de alto riesgo con múltiples condiciones crónicas. Un estudio prospectivo

Med. clín (Ed. impr.); 151(8): 308-314, oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-174000

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effect of home based telehealth or structured telephone support interventions with respect to usual care on quality of life, mortality and healthcare utilization in elderly high-risk multiple chronic condition patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

472 elderly high-risk patients with plurimorbidity in the region of Valencia (Spain) were recruited between June 2012 and May 2013, and followed for 12 months from recruitment. Patients were allocated to either: (a) a structured telephone intervention, a nurse-led case management program with telephone follow up every 15 days; (b) telehealth, which adds technology for remote self-management and the exchange of clinical data; or (c) usual care. Main outcome measures was quality of life measured by the EuroQol (EQ-5D) instrument, cognitive impairment, functional status, mortality and healthcare resource use. Inadequate randomization process led us to used propensity scores for adjusted analyses to control for imbalances between groups at baseline.

RESULTS:

EQ-5D score was significantly higher in the telehealth group compared to usual care (diff: 0.19, 0.08–0.30), but was not different to telephone support (diff: 0.04, −0.05 to 0.14). In adjusted analyses, inclusion in the telehealth group was associated with an additional 0.18 points in the EQ-5D score compared to usual care at 12 months (p<0.001), and with a gain of 0.13 points for the telephone support group (p<0.001). No differences in mortality or utilization were found, except for a borderline significant increase in General Practitioner visits.

CONCLUSIONS:

Telehealth was associated with better quality of life. Important limitations of the study and similarity of effects to telephone intervention call for careful endorsement of telemedicine. Clinicaltrials.gov (identifier: NCT02447562)
Biblioteca responsável: ES1.1
Localização: BNCS