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Clonality Analysis of Benign Parathyroid Lesions by Human Androgen Receptor (HUMARA) Gene Assay.

Endocr Pathol; 9(1): 293-300, 1998.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12114777
Benign conditions of the parathyroid gland have been classified as adenomas and hyperplasias. These entities however are difficult to distinguish when only a single gland is enlarged. Adenomas are defined as neoplastic clonal growths whereas hyperplasias are considered to be reactive processes of polyclonal origin. In order to analyze the clonal pattern of these lesions, we have studied hyperplasias and adenomas of parathyroid glands from women by the human androgen receptor (HUMARA) assay, a recently reliable and highly-lnformative technique based on the X-chromosome inactivation pattern in females. Samples consisted of formalin-fixed as well as frozen tissues. Informativeness with HUMARA marker was 87% (13/15 cases). All hyperplasias (5/5) and 6/8 adenomas yielded polyclonal results, since two alleles of similar intensity appeared when the lesion was HpaIl-digested. Two parathyroid adenomas had a loss of one X-alIeIe for the HUMARA gene and they were interpreted as monoclonal. These results show that parathyroid hyperplasias and adenomas, considered as multigland or monogland involvement diseases respectively, may be both polyclonal in origin, and that only a small subset of adenomas is found to be clonal. Consequently, clonality analysis cannot allow a clear distinction between these two entities as classically diagnosed. A different approach should be considering hyperplasia or adenoma when a polyclonal or monoclonal result has been obtained by clonality analysis.