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Análise da função diastólica do ventrículo esquerdo em hipertensos sob variação de condições hemodinâmicas provocadas: estudo comparativo entre o doppler transmitral e tissular. / [Assessment of left ventricular diastolic function in hypertensive patients under different hemodynamic conditions: comparative study between transmitral and tissue Doppler echocardiography].

Arq Bras Cardiol; 87(2): 121-7, 2006 Aug.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16951829

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the behavior of LV diastolic displacement velocities of basal posterior septum near mitral ring segment obtained by tissue Doppler in relation to mitral flow velocities of hypertensive subjects, submitted to preload increase by left inferior limbs elevation for 5 minutes, and during 1 minute of handgrip (conditions 1 and 2, respectively).

METHODS:

Twenty five outpatients (15 men, 52+/-11 years), with arterial hypertension > 3 years, by the transmitral flow Doppler variables: E, A and E/A, and of tissue Doppler: E', A' and E'/A', in basal situation and in conditions 1 and 2. For comparison of results in basal situation with conditions 1 and 2 a paired t test was applied.

RESULTS:

E(cm/s) varied from 68,88 +/- 11,94 to 75,82 +/- 15,71* and E'(cm/s) varied from 8,22 +/- 2,30 to 8,31 +/- 2,24 in condition 1 (p<0.05). In addition, a comparison of variation percent (%) of Doppler transmitral indices with corresponding tissue Doppler indices variation % showed a significant difference between E and E', with preload increase (p=0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Patients with left ventricular adaptation to systemic arterial hypertension showed less modification of the index E' than E, after preload increase maneuver, an evidence that may suggest its more ample utilization in the context of echocardiographic left ventricular diastolic function evaluation.