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Dynamical mean-field theory for molecules and nanostructures.

J Chem Phys; 136(11): 114108, 2012 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22443749
Dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) has established itself as a reliable and well-controlled approximation to study correlation effects in bulk solids and also two-dimensional systems. In combination with standard density-functional theory (DFT), it has been successfully applied to study materials in which localized electronic states play an important role. It was recently shown that this approach can also be successfully applied to study correlation effects in nanostructures. Here, we provide some details on our recently proposed DFT+DMFT approach to study the magnetic properties of nanosystems [V. Turkowski, A. Kabir, N. Nayyar, and T. S. Rahman, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22, 462202 (2010)] and apply it to examine the magnetic properties of small FePt clusters. We demonstrate that DMFT produces meaningful results even for such small systems. For benchmarking and better comparison with results obtained using DFT+U, we also include the case of small Fe clusters. As in the case of bulk systems, the latter approach tends to overestimate correlation effects in nanostructures. Finally, we discuss possible ways to further improve the nano-DFT+DMFT approximation and to extend its application to molecules and nanoparticles on substrates and to nonequilibrium phenomena.