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Analysis of total microbiota in dentin after mechanical or papain-based chemomechanical caries removal.

Gen Dent; 61(4): 59-63, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23823347
Chemomechanical caries removal, when compared with removal using conventional rotary instruments, seems to preserve healthy tooth structure with less trauma to the patient. This study performed in vivo analysis of the total number of microorganisms in dentin after the use of conventional or chemomechanical (papain gel) caries removal methods. Analyses were performed before caries removal (baseline), immediately after caries removal, and 45 days after caries removal and temporary cavity sealing. Sixty patients were selected for this study, each with two mandibular molars (one on each side) with occlusal caries of moderate depth, for a total of 120 teeth. For each patient, the carious lesion of one tooth was removed by conventional methods using low speed drills (Group 1). For the other tooth, a chemomechanical method was used (Group 2). Dentin samples were collected at the three intervals and subjected to microbiological culture in blood agar. For the total number of microorganisms in both groups, ANOVA and Tukey tests (which considered the baseline values as a covariable) showed a higher microbial count immediately after the preparation of the cavity compared to the count at 45 days (P < 0.05). For both groups, the total count of microorganisms in dentin decreased 45 days after placing the temporary cavity sealing.