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Obesity is a risk factor for significant carotid atherosclerosis in patients aged 39 to 55 years.

Angiology; 65(7): 602-6, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23847106
We compared the prevalence of risk factors between young and old individuals with significant carotid atherosclerosis. We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients aged 39 to 55 years (group I) and aged ≥ 60 years (group II) with significant atherosclerotic stenosis at the carotid bifurcation. Group I patients had significantly higher values for the following factors: weight, height, body mass index, diastolic pressure, prevalence of current smoking, total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and significant lower values for systolic pressure, creatinine, and prevalence of coronary artery disease. Group I patients were more symptomatic and showed higher rates of carotid occlusion and near occlusion. Atherosclerosis of the carotid bifurcation was more aggressive in the younger group, with a higher rate of occlusion and near occlusion. Obesity and smoking were significant risk factors for young patients in this sample.