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Determining accurate vancomycin MIC values for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by the microdilution method.

J Antimicrob Chemother; 69(1): 136-8, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23920427

OBJECTIVES:

To model the standard broth microdilution method, based on a modified Gompertz function, to obtain accurate vancomycin MIC values for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The effect of these MIC values on the vancomycin therapeutic target of AUC(0-24)/MIC ≥ 400 was evaluated.

METHODS:

Three clinical isolates of MRSA with different vancomycin MIC values were used in this model. The optical densities (OD) of each MIC determination were modelled by a non-linear regression method using an F-test. The OD data were adjusted to the Gompertz equation to obtain the MIC values. The mean vancomycin AUC(0-24) obtained with a 30 mg/kg/day dosing schedule was calculated using a Monte Carlo simulation over 5000 subjects, using the pharmacokinetic data obtained in vancomycin-treated patients in our hospital.

RESULTS:

Although the MIC values obtained with this model were lower than those of the diffusion method (Etest) in all three cases, this did not affect the AUC(0-24)/MIC ratio for the strains with MICs of 1 mg/L by Etest. However, in those strains with MIC values >1 mg/L, the confidence intervals obtained for this ratio included values <400.

CONCLUSIONS:

The inherent variability of the broth microdilution method could explain the differences in the clinical outcome in MRSA-infected patients treated with vancomycin, mainly in those due to strains with MIC values of 1.5-2 mg/L by Etest, because the corresponding MIC values would range from 0.84 to 1.52 mg/L by the microdilution method, which could affect the therapeutic target.