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Behandlung rezidivierender Epistaxis durch Gefäßligatur: zeitgerecht oder überholt? / [Treatment of recurrent epistaxis by artery ligation: up to date or old fashioned?].

Laryngorhinootologie; 93(10): 665-70, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24967825
UNLABELLED: Treatment of Recurrent Epistaxis by Artery Ligation: Up to Date or Old Fashioned? BACKGROUND: Despite the ongoing development in the field of endoscopic treatment techniques, recurrent epistaxis remains a challenge for otolaryngologists. The aim of the present study was to compare our own results of various interventions for the treatment of recurrent epistaxis.


From 2007 to 2013 we performed surgical treatment of recurrent epistaxis under general anaesthesia in 148 cases. While the majority of causes were idiopathic (n=98), epistaxis also occurred postoperatively (n=30), post-traumatically (n=7) or as a result of M. Osler (n=12). In 141/148 cases the treatment was performed by mono- or bipolar coagulation in the area of the bleeding source - this required an ethmoidectomy in 17 cases. In 19 cases the intervention was combined with a septoplasty. In 4 patients with recurrent bleeding of unknown origin, where electrocoagulation under general anaesthesia failed, we performed a clipping of the ethmoid- and/or the maxillary arteries in the pterygopalatine fossa. Following this intervention no further bleeding episodes occured. In further 3 patients, neuroradiological embolization was successfully performed.


If conservative measures fail in the treatment of epistaxis, surgical treatment by electrocoagulation of the bleeding site under general anaesthesia is an effective intervention in 95% of cases. However for the remaining 5% where these measures have been proven to be ineffective, clipping of the ipsilateral anterior and posterior ethmoid- and/or the maxillar artery provides a treatment option being equally efficient as neuroradiological interventions.