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Analysis of a long-term outbreak of XDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa: a molecular epidemiological study.

J Antimicrob Chemother; 70(5): 1322-30, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25583750


Here we report on a long-term outbreak from 2009 to 2012 with an XDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa on two wards at a university hospital in southern Germany.


Whole-genome sequencing was performed on the outbreak isolates and a core genome was constructed for molecular epidemiological analysis. We applied a time-place-sequence algorithm to improve estimation of transmission probabilities.


By using conventional infection control methods we identified 49 P. aeruginosa strains, including eight environmental isolates that belonged to ST308 (by MLST) and carried the metallo-ß-lactamase IMP-8. Phylogenetic analysis on the basis of a non-recombinant core genome that contained 22 outbreak-specific SNPs revealed a pattern of four dominant clades with a strong phylogeographic structure and allowed us to determine the potential temporal origin of the outbreak to July 2008, 1 year before the index case was diagnosed. Superspreaders at the root of clades exhibited a high number of probable and predicted transmissions, indicating their exceptional position in the outbreak.


Our results suggest that the initial expansion of dominant sublineages was driven by a few superspreaders, while environmental contamination seemed to sustain the outbreak for a long period despite regular environmental control measures.