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Differential Expression of Mir-1 26 and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Retinal Cells of Metabolic Acidosis-Induced Neonatal Rats.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol; 15(3): 2088-93, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26413624
In present study, we aimed at investigating the expression level of microRNA and the related gene which might be involved in retinopathy of prematurity. Neonatal SD rats were randomly divided into 2 groups, the first one having rats with NH4CI induced acidosis, as experimental group. We observed retinal vascular morphology and hyperplasia using microscope, for both experimental and control groups, in days 3, 5, 8, 10, 13 and 20 after birth. Total RNA from the retinal samples was obtained at each time point. MiR-126 and VEGF mRNA were measured by quantitative RT-PCR, while immunohistochemistry was applied to analyze the protein expression level of VEGF. Results showed significant differential expression of miR-126 in the acidosis-induced neonatal rats at day 8 when compared with control rats. The VEGF mRNA and protein quantitative results also demonstrated corresponding differential expression among the experimental and control groups. Results from this study revealed that VEGF mRNA and protein expression levels increased in day 10, while the expression of miR-126 was remarkably down-regulated. It is thus suggested that the miR-126 plays an important role in the development of acidosis-induced retinopathy.