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Paclitaxel Associated With Lipid Nanoparticles as a New Antiscarring Agent in Experimental Glaucoma Surgery.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci; 57(3): 971-8, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26962693

PURPOSE:

To investigate the effects of paclitaxel associated with lipid nanoemulsions (LDE-PTX) on postoperative scarring in rabbits undergoing trabeculectomy.

METHODS:

Thirty-four rabbits that underwent trabeculectomy were allocated to four groups: LDE-PTX/SC (n = 9), treated with LDE-PTX (1.5 mg, intraoperative subconjunctival injection); LDE-PTX/IV (n = 9), treated with LDE-PTX (4 mg/kg per day intravenously) at the end of the surgery and once per week for 3 weeks; MMC (n = 9), treated with intraoperative 0.4 mg/mL mitomycin-C for 3 minutes; and control group (CTL, n = 7), without treatment. Bleb characteristics and IOP were evaluated over 4 weeks. Animals were killed on day 28. Histologic analyses were performed to assess the amount of scarring and toxicity to the conjunctiva and ciliary body.

RESULTS:

Groups were similar with respect to IOP and anterior chamber depth during the 28-day observation period. The LDE-PTX/SC, LDE-PTX/IV, and MMC groups showed greater bleb height than CTL on days 14 and 21 (P < 0.001). The LDE-PTX/SC, LDE-PTX/IV, and MMC groups showed longer bleb survival time than CTL (P < 0.001). The LDE-PTX/SC, LDE-PTX/IV, and MMC groups were equally effective in reducing fibrosis (P < 0.001), number of blood vessels (P < 0.001), and chronic inflammatory cells (P < 0.01) at the surgical site. However, LDE-PTX/SC and LDE-PTX/IV treatments had lower conjunctival (P < 0.001) and ciliary body toxicity (P < 0.01), compared with MMC.

CONCLUSIONS:

The LDE-PTX/SC was effective in reducing the scarring process following trabeculectomy to the same extent as MMC, but with considerably less toxicity to the conjunctiva and ciliary body. The LDE-PTX/IV was somewhat less effective than LDE-PTX/SC or MMC, but could have potential as a postoperative adjuvant treatment. Therefore, the LDE-PTX preparation in both administration routes may offer promising options for wound-healing modulation in the surgical treatment of glaucoma.