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Fluorescent Farnesyl Diphosphate Analogue: A Probe To Validate trans-Prenyltransferase Inhibitors.

Biochemistry; 55(31): 4366-74, 2016 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27428767
Some trans-prenyltransferases, such as long-chain C40 octaprenyl diphosphate synthase (OPPS), short-chain C15 farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPPS), and C20 geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (GGPPS), are important drug targets. These enzymes catalyze chain elongation of FPP or geranyl diphosphate (GPP) through condensation reactions with isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP), forming designated numbers of trans-double bonds in the final products. To facilitate drug discovery, we report here a sensitive and reliable fluorescence-based assay for monitoring their activities in real time. MANT-O-GPP, a fluorescent analogue of FPP, was used as an alternative substrate and converted by the wild-type OPPS and the engineered FPPS and GGPPS into sufficiently long products with enhanced fluorescence intensities. This fluorescence probe was used to reveal the inhibitory mechanism of zoledronate, a bisphosphonate drug that targets human FPPS and possibly GGPPS.