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Critical role of PepT1 in promoting colitis-associated cancer and therapeutic benefits of the anti-inflammatory PepT1-mediated tripeptide KPV in a murine model.

Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2(3): 340-357, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27458604

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

The human intestinal peptide transporter 1, hPepT1, is expressed in the small intestine at low levels in the healthy colon and upregulated during inflammatory bowel disease. hPepT1 plays a role in mouse colitis and human studies have demonstrated that chronic intestinal inflammation leads to colorectal cancer (colitis-associated cancer; CAC). Hence, we assessed here the role of PepT1 in CAC.

METHODS:

Mice with hPepT1 overexpression in intestinal epithelial cells (TG) or PepT1 (PepT1-KO) deletion were used and CAC was induced by AOM/DSS.

RESULTS:

TG mice had larger tumor sizes, increased tumor burdens, and increased intestinal inflammation compared to WT mice. Conversely, tumor number and size and intestinal inflammation were significantly decreased in PepT1-KO mice. Proliferating crypt cells were increased in TG mice and decreased in PepT1-KO mice. Analysis of human colonic biopsies revealed an increased expression of PepT1 in patients with colorectal cancer, suggesting that PepT1 might be targeted for the treatment of CAC. The use of an anti-inflammatory tripeptide KPV (Lys-Pro-Val) transported by PepT1 was able to prevent carcinogenesis in WT mice. When administered to PepT1-KO mice, KPV did not trigger any of the inhibitory effect on tumorigenesis observed in WT mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

The observations that pepT1 was highly expressed in human colorectal tumor and that its overexpression and deletion in mice increased and decreased colitis associated tumorigenesis, respectively, suggest that PepT1 is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of colitis associated tumorigenesis.