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Targeting Dynamin 2 as a Novel Pathway to Inhibit Cardiomyocyte Apoptosis Following Oxidative Stress.

Cell Physiol Biochem; 39(6): 2121-2134, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27802433

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Inhibition of Drp-1-mediated mitochondrial fission limits reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and apoptosis in cardiomyocytes subjected to ischemia/reperfusion injury. It remains unknown if Dynamin 2 inhibition results in similar protective effects. Here we studied the role of Dynamin 2 in cardiomyocyte oxidative stress-induced apoptosis and ROS production.

METHODS:

The effect of lentiviral shRNA (lv5-shRNA) mediated Dynamin 2 knockdown on apopotosis, mitochondria, and ROS production were studied in neonatal mouse cardiomycytes, which were further treated with either selective Drp1 inhibitor mdivi-1 or the Dynamin 2/Drp1 inhibitor Dynasore. Apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry. Mitochondrial morphology and transmembrane potential (ΔΨm) were studied by confocal microscopy, and ROS production was detected by dichlorofluorescein diacetate.

RESULTS:

Inhibition of Drp1 and Dynamin 2 protected against mitochondrial fragmentation, maintained ΔΨm, attenuated cellular ROS production and limited apoptosis. Moreover, Lv5-shRNA mediated knockdown of Dynamin 2 alleviated mitochondrial fragmentation, and reduced both ROS production and oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. The protective effects of Dynamin 2 knockdown were enhanced by Dynasore, indicating an added benefit.

CONCLUSIONS:

Oxidative stress-induced apoptosis and ROS production are attenuated by not only Drp1 inhibition but also Dynamin 2 inhibition, implicating Dynamin 2 as a mediator of oxidative stress in cardiomyocytes.