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Changes in the pattern of death of 987 patients with systemic sclerosis from 1990 to 2009 from the nationwide Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE).

Clin Exp Rheumatol; 35 Suppl 106(4): 40-47, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28229826

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the changes in the pattern of death of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) throughout 20 years.

METHODS:

Data were collected from the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE), retrospective multicentre database from 1990 to 2009. SSc-related and SSc-non related causes of death were assessed.

RESULTS:

987 patients were recruited. Overall standardised mortality ratio (SMR) was 2.34 (2.24-2.44). SSc-related causes of death were responsible of 72% of all deaths of those patients diagnosed within 1990-99 vs. 48% within 2000-09 (p=0.006). Relative pulmonary death rate was stable over time (68.1% within 1990-99 vs. 63.9% within 2000-09, p=0.815). Relative renal death rate was decreasing over time (17% within 1990-99 vs. 5.5% within 2000-09, p=0.175). Heart distribution tripled its ratio (12.8% within 1990-99 vs. 30.6% within 2000-09, p=0.058).

CONCLUSIONS:

SSc-related causes of death were decreasing over time and, among them, pulmonary involvement was the leading cause of death in both decades. The ratio of renal causes decreased since 1990 at the time that the ratio of cardiac causes increased.