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Mismatch between diagnostic reports and special educational needs classification in a public educational system.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr; 75(4): 244-247, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28489145

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the diagnostic status, the sociodemographic and health profiles for students with special educational needs (SEN) in a public educational system, and to map their use of educational/social services.

METHODS:

The sample comprised 1,202 SEN students from a total of 59,344 students.

RESULTS:

Only 792 students of the 1,202 had an established diagnosis. The most prevalent SEN condition was intellectual disability. There was a low percentage (29.4%) of use of specialized educational services or support. It was found that, for some neurodevelopmental disorders, prevalence data suggest an under-reporting in the school system.

CONCLUSION:

Results suggest that there is a mismatch between the diagnostic reports and the SEN condition legally recognized according to Brazilian law, in addition to the under-reporting and under specialized service use of students with disabilities.